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Table 2 Frequency of Co-morbidity signs in Children with Cerebral Palsy distributed by Clinical subtype and level of motor function (n = 135)

From: Cerebral palsy in children in Kampala, Uganda: clinical subtypes, motor function and co-morbidities

Parameter Signs of Epilepsy Signs of Speech & Language Signs of Visual Disorder Signs of Hearing Disorder Signs of Behaviour Disorder Signs of Learning Disability Signs of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Signs Anx/Dep Signs ADHD
n = 61(%) n = 50(%) n = 40(%) n = 21(%) n = 26(%) n = 46(%) n= 102(%) n = 32(%)
Clinical Subtype         
Bilateral spastic. N = 62 30(49.2) 32(64.0) 24(60.0) 11(52.4) 10(38.5) 22(47.8) 51(50.0) 12(37.5)
Unilateral spastic. N = 32 16(26.2) 2(4.0) 5(12.5) ------ 3(11.5) 11(23.9) 13(12.7) 6(18.8)
Dyskinetic. N = 17 10(16.4) 11(22.0) 7(17.5) 5(23.8) 7(26.9) 5(10.9) 17(16.7) 5(15.6)
Ataxic. N = 13 2(3.3) 2(4.0) 3(7.5) 1(4.8) 4(15.4) 6(13.0) 10(9.8) 4(12.5)
Unclassifiable. N = 11 3(4.9) 3(6.0) 1(2.5) 4(19.0) 2(7.7) 2(4.3) 11(10.8) 5(15.6)
Gross Motor Function         
Mild. n = 34 11(18.0) 4(8.0) 5(12.5) 2(9.5) 5(19.2) 12(26.1) 18(17.6) 8(25.0)
Moderate. n = 59 26(42.6) 23(46.0) 17(42.5) 10(47.6) 13(50.0) 22(47.8) 46(45.1) 14(43.8)
Severe n = 42 24(39.3) 23(46.0) 18(45.0) 9(42.9) 8(30.8) 12(26.1) 38(37.3) 10(31.3)
Fine Motor Function         
Mild. n = 51 17(27.9) 6(12.0) 6(15.0) 5(23.8) 10(38.5) 18(39.1) 34(33.3) 13(40.6)
Moderate. n = 33 11(18.0) 12(24.0) 8(20.0) 4(19.0) 8(30.8) 14(30.4) 18(17.6) 4(12.5)
Severe. n = 51 33(54.1) 32(64.0) 26(85.0) 12(57.1) 8(30.8) 14(30.4) 50(49.0) 15(46.9)
  1. ADHD- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
  2. Values are n (%). Each child may be counted in more than one category, and the percentages may add up to more than 100%.