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Table 3 Descriptive results for baseline individual factors and important covariates (N = 874 individuals)

From: A community-based participatory research methodology to address, redress, and reassess disparities in respiratory health among First Nations

(a) COVARIATES N (%)
Sex  
Male 428 (49.0)
Female 446 (51.0)
Age, in years
Mean (SD); range 35.1(14.3); 17-85
≤ 19 110 (12.6)
20-29 285 (32.6)
30-39 174 (19.9)
40-49 135 (15.4)
50-59 116 (13.3)
>=60 54 (6.2)
Body mass index
Mean (SD) 29.1(9.9)
Normal (<25) 252 (32.0)
Overweight (25-30) 238 (30.2)
Obese (>30) 297 (37.7)
Marital status
Married/common law/living together 344 (40.4)
Widowed/divorced/separated single, never married 507 (59.6)
Missing 23 (2.6)
(b) INDIVIDUAL FACTORS N (%)
Socioeconomic  
Education  
< Grade 12 430 (49.2)
≥ Grade 12 441 (50.5)
Missing 3 (0.3)
Lifestyle factors  
Smoking status  
Current smoker 678 (77.6)
Ex-smoker 109 (12.5)
Never smoker 86 (9.8)
Missing 1 (0.1)
Health status and co-morbid conditions
Perception of health  
Excellent 60 (6.9)
Very good 179 (20.5)
Good 390 (44.6)
Fair 200 (22.9)
Poor 44 (5.0)
Missing 1 (0.1)
Usually cough on most days for 3 months in a row or more during the year
Yes 224 (25.6))
No 646 (74.0)
Missing 4 (0.4)
Usually bring up phlegm on most days for 3 months in a row or more during the year
Yes 264 (30.2)
No 602 (68.9)
Missing 8 (0.9)
Does your chest ever sound wheezy or whistling, when you have cold
Yes 586 (67.1)
No 278 (31.8)
Missing 10 (1.1)
Does your chest ever sound wheezy or whistling, occasionally apart from colds
Yes 317 (36.3)
No 538 (61.5)
Missing 19 (2.2)
Does your chest ever sound wheezy or whistling, most days or nights
Yes 256 (29.3)
No 618 (70.7)
Shortness of breath
Yes 462 (52.9)
No 412 (47.1)
Respiratory conditions
Doctor diagnosed asthma
Yes 150 (17.2)
No 720 (82.4)
Missing 4 (0.4)
Doctor diagnosed COPD
Yes 11 (1.3)
No 826 (94.5)
Missing 37 (4.2)
Ever had chronic bronchitis
Yes 57 (6.5)
No 689 (78.8)
Missing 128 (14.6)
Ever had emphysema
Yes 7 (0.8)
No 734 (84.0)
Missing 133 (15.2)
Sleep apnea
Yes 62 (7.1)
No 683 (78.1)
Missing 129 (14.8)
Epworth sleepiness scale score
Mean (SD); Range 5.4 (4.1); 0-24
Abnormal (>10) 90 (10.3)
Normal (<=10) 738 (84.4)
Missing 46 (5.3)
Tuberculosis
Yes 59 (6.8)
No 685 (78.4)
Missing 130 (14.9)
Doctor diagnosed diabetes
Yes 112 (12.8)
No 728 (83.3)
Missing 34 (3.9)
Doctor diagnosed heart problems
Yes 86 (9.8)
No 746 (85.4)
Missing 42 (4.8)
Doctor diagnosed stroke
Yes 12 (1.4)
No 836 (95.7)
Missing 26 (3.0)
Doctor diagnosed depression
Yes 161 (18.4)
No 668 (76.4)
Missing 45 (5.1)
Doctor diagnosed kidney problem
Yes 65 (7.4)
No 773 (88.4)
Missing 36 (4.1)
Doctor diagnosed leg ulcers or amputations
Yes 18 (2.1)
No 831 (95.1)
Missing 25 (2.9)
Doctor diagnosed eyesight problems
Yes 77 (8.8)
No 771 (88.2)
Missing 26 (3.0)
Doctor diagnosed cancer
Yes 29 (3.3)
No 822 (94.1)
Missing 23 (2.6)