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Table 3 Characteristics of neurological early rehabilitation patients with good and poor outcome

From: Outcome and prognosis of hypoxic brain damage patients undergoing neurological early rehabilitation

  Good outcome (BI ≥ 50) Poor outcome (BI < 50) p-value*
N 23 70 n.a.
Age [years] 50.9 (12.5) 53.7 (15.2) n.s.
Time interval until onset of neurological early rehabilitation [days] 26.0 (17.1) 34.0 (39.2) n.s.
LOS—neurological early rehabilitation [days] 46.4 (68.2) 95.4 (53.2) <0.01
LOS—inpatient neurological rehabilitation [days] 98.8 (86.9) 111.7 (80.6) n.s.
Number of co-diagnoses [n] 10.4 (5.0) 17.3 (6.0) <0.001
Hypoxic interval [min] 8.8 (6.3) 7.4 (6.0) n.s.
Duration of resuscitation [min] 30.0 (–) 23.5 (10.0)
Time until signs of recovery observed (coma length) [days] 17.6 (18.9) 46.8 (44.6) <0.01
Duration of vegetative instability [days] 3.1 (6.7) 24.2 (36.6) <0.01
Barthel Index (BI) on admission [0 to 100] 45.0 (33.7) 3.3 (4.8) <0.001
BI at discharge [0 to 100] 85.0 (13.7) 9.3 (12.2) <0.001
Delta BI (discharge minus admission) 40.0 (30.6) 6.0 (10.7) <0.001
Early Rehabilitation Index (ERI) on admission [−325 to 0] −112.0 (79.4) −188.6 (95.0) <0.01
ERI at discharge [−325 to 0] −38.0 (49.4) −144.3 (87.1) <0.001
Delta ERI (discharge minus admission) 73.9 (17.7) 44.3 (8.7) n.s.
Delta ERBI (Early Rehabilitation Barthel Index, discharge minus admission) 113.9 (109.7) 50.3 (75.4) <0.01
Coma Remission Scale (CRS) [0 to 24] on admission 20.8 (5.6) 11.8 (8.3) <0.001
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) on admission [3 to 15] 12.2 (2.1) 8.6 (3.2) <0.001
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) at discharge [3 to 15] 13.7 (0.6) 9.1 (3.6) <0.001
  1. * t-tests for independent samples, n.a. not applicable, n.s. not significant (p > 0.05).
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