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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and clinical diagnosis of patients with bacteraemia

From: Bloodstream bacterial infection among outpatient children with acute febrile illness in north-eastern Tanzania

  Bacteraemia positive (n = 26) Bacteraemia negative (n = 782) P value
Girls 11 (42.3) 366 (46.8) 0.65
Age
 2–35 months 20 (76.9) 654 (83.6) 0.40
 36–59 months 6 (23.1) 128 (16.4)  
 Axillary temperature (°C), median (IQR) 38.3 (37.6–39.3) 38 (37.5–38.7)  
 Axillary temperature ≥39°C 7 (26.9) 116 (14.8) 0.09
Symptoms
 Cough 5 (19.2) 360 (46.0) 0.01
 Shortness of breath 2 (7.7) 87 (11.1) 0.58
 Diarrhoea 6 (23.1) 155 (19.8) 0.68
Clinical diagnosis at enrolment
 Malaria 0 (0) 69 (8.8) 0.11
 Gastroenteritis 8 (30.8) 151 (19.3) 0.15
 Upper respiratory tract infection 3 (11.5) 309 (39.5) <0.01
 Pneumonia 2 (7.7) 114 (14.6) 0.33
 Other infectionsa 1 (3.8) 59 (7.5) 0.17
 Multiple infectionsa 3 (11.5) 140 (17.9) 0.40
 Non-specific febrile illness 12 (46.2) 80 (10.2) <0.01
Laboratory findings (n = 785)
 Anaemia 6/26 (23.1) 203/759 (26.7) 0.68
 Leucocyte count (103/µL), median (IQR) 10.4 (7.5–16.3) 11.5 (8.6–15.7)  
 Leucocyte count >17 (103/µL) 6/26 (23.1) 157/759 (20.7) 0.77
  1. Data are n (%), IQR inter-quartile range.
  2. aConjunctivitis, fungal infection, gingivitis, hookworm infection, otitis media, skin infection, urinary tract infection.