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Table 1 H. pylori’s distribution by age groups, level of education, antibiotic use, severity of epigastric pain, early satiety, post prandial fullness, and endoscopic macroscopic findings

From: Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in dyspeptic patients at a tertiary hospital in a low resource setting

Variable H. pylorus absence number (%) H. pylorus presence number (%) OR (95% CI) p value
Age group in years
 ≤40 34 (48) 22 (55)   
 >40 37 (52) 18 (45) 0.75 (0.35–1.64) 0.472
Level of education
 Primary 11 (15) 5 (13) Reference  
 Secondary 29 (41) 14 (35) 1.06 (0.31–3.65) 0.924
 Tertiary 31 (44) 21 (53) 1.49 (0.45–4.92) 0.512
Antibiotic use
 None 42 (59) 17 (43) Reference  
 ≤2 weeks 25 (35) 22 (55) 2.17 (0.97–4.86) 0.058
 >2 weeks 4 (6) 1 (3) 0.62 (0.06–5.93) 0.676
Severity of pain
 Mild 6 (9) 3 (8) Reference  
 Moderate 52 (81) 24 (65) 0.92 (0.21–4.01) 0.915
 Severe 6 (9) 10 (27) 3.33 (0.60–18.54) 0.169
Macro findings
 Stomach 56 (82) 35 (88)   
 Others 12 (18) 5 (13) 0.67 (0.22–2.05) 0.480
Early satiety
 Never 54 (76) 33 (82.50)   
 Experienced 17 (24) 7 (18) 0.67 (0.25–1.80) 0.430
Postprandial fullness
 Never 46 (65) 31 (78)   
 Experienced 25 (35) 9 (23) 0.53 (0.22–1.30) 0.166
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