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Table 1 IC50 values of various extracts of R. arvensis

From: Antioxidant and phytochemical analysis of Ranunculus arvensis L. extracts

Antioxidant assays
IC50 (µg/mL)
Extract DPPH free radical scavenging assay Hydrogen peroxide scavenging assay Phosphomolybdenum assay
Chloroform extract 330.29 ± 0.01 124.36 ± 0.01 52.58 ± 0.01
Chloroform:methaol extract 186.28 ± 0.01 101.6 ± 0.01 69.39 ± 0.03
Methanol extract 34.71 ± 0.02 65.73 ± 0.01 66.06 ± 0.01
Methanol:acetone extract 285.28 ± 0.01 134.68 ± 0.01 63.09 ± 0.01
Acetone extract 264.08 ± 0.01 69.55 ± 0.01 56.29 ± 0.01
Methanol:water extract 47.61 ± 0.02 43.53 ± 0.02 77.95 ± 0.01
Water extract 85.11 ± 0.02 51.27 ± 0.01 74.37 ± 0.01
Ascorbic acida 6.38 ± 0.01 39.05 ± 0.01 26.16 ± 0.01
LSD value 8.14 6.30 9.90
CV 12.01% 8.49% 12.72%
R2 0.96 0.97 0.96
  1. p < 0.05.
  2. LSD least significant difference, CV coefficient of variation, LD 50 lethal dose, 50%, IC 50 half maximal inhibitory concentration.
  3. aPositive control values are expressed as ascorbic acid (AA) (average ± SD; n = 4).
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