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Table 4 Factors associated with incisional hernia as shown by univariate and multivariate analyses results (N = 18)

From: Abdominal fascia closure following elective midline laparotomy: a surgical experience at a tertiary care hospital in Tanzania

Independent variables Incisional hernia Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Yes (N/%) No (N/%) OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Type of closure
 Massive closure 9 (4.4) 195 (95.6)     
 Layered closure 9 (30.0) 21 (70.0) 1.7 (2.8–7.1) 0.011 1.1 (1.0–8.1) 0.004
Fascia suture technique
 Continuous 7 (3.4) 197 (96.6)     
 Interrupted 11 (36.7) 19 (63.3) 6.4 (2.6–9.0) 0.014 4.2 (3.2–7.8) 0.013
Suture absorption
 Non-absorbable 16(7.8) 188 (92.2)     
 Absorbable 2 (6.7) 28 (93.3) 1.1 (0.8–2.9) 0.192   
Suture material
 Monofilament 15 (7.4) 189 (92.6)     
 Multifilament 3 (10.0) 27 (90.0) 2.3 (0.9–5.6) 0.992   
Suture type
 Prolene/nylon 14 (6.9) 190 (93.1)     
 Vicryl 4 (13.3) 26 (86.7) 1.9 (0.8–4.7) 0.235   
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