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Table 3 Between-group difference in mental health treatment use and perceived treatment need among ideators: odds ratios (OR) from logistic regression models

From: Mental health treatment use and perceived treatment need among suicide planners and attempters in the United States: between and within group differences

N Treatment use vs. nonuse 7,348 Perceived treatment need vs. no perceived need 7,348
OR 95% CIa OR 95% CIa
Planned/no attempt 1.49** 1.17–2.89 1.35* 1.06–1.73
No plan/attempted 2.45** 1.39–4.31 0.96 0.61–1.51
Planned/attempted 1.64** 1.25–2.15 1.03 0.75–1.42
No plan/no attempt 1.00   1.00  
Used mental health treatment (Did not use)    2.00*** 1.67–2.39
Age 21–25 years 0.48*** 0.39–0.58 1.07 0.88–1.31
Age 26–34 years 0.70** 0.55–0.90 1.32* 1.04–1.69
Age 50–64 years 0.96 0.75–1.23 0.55*** 0.42–0.73
Age 65+ years 041*** 0.29–0.59 0.27** 0.14–0.55
Age 35–49 years 1.00   1.00  
Male 0.49*** 0.41–0.58 0.64*** 0.52–0.78
Female 1.00   1.00  
Black 0.54*** 0.43–0.69 0.92 0.72–1.18
Hispanic 0.55*** 0.43–0.72 0.77 0.59–1.00
Asian 0.51* 0.28–0.92 0.45** 0.25–0.80
Other 0.81 0.56–1.17 0.87 0.60–1.25
Non-Hispanic White 1.00   1.00  
Not married 0.94 0.77–1.16 1.02 0.85–1.23
Married 1.00   1.00  
<High school 0.60*** 0.47–0.77 0.94 0.70–1.26
High school graduate 0.73** 0.59–0.89 0.94 0.76–1.16
More than high school 1.00   1.00  
Not employed 1.71*** 1.40–2.10 1.07 0.88–1.31
Employed 1.00   1.00  
Income <200% FPLb 0.92 0.77–1.08 1.11 0.93–1.34
(Income ≥200% FPL) 1.00   1.00  
Military service 1.27 0.90–1.78 1.22 0.86–1.73
No military service 1.00   1.00  
Health insurance coverage gap 1.08 0.83–1.40 1.34* 1.01–1.78
No gap 1.00   1.00  
Major depressive episode (MDE) 3.33*** 2.79–3.96 2.25*** 1.87–2.72
No MDE 1.00   1.00  
Alcohol use disorder 1.19 0.98–1.44 1.38** 1.10–1.72
No disorder 1.00   1.00  
Illicit drug use disorder 1.32** 1.08–1.60 1.66*** 1.32–2.09
No disorder 1.00   1.00  
  1. F(22,39) = 21.26, df = 60, P < .001 for treatment use; F(23,38) = 16.17, df = 60, P < .001 for perceived need.
  2. * P < .05; ** P < .01; *** P < .001.
  3. aConfidence interval.
  4. bFederal poverty line.