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Table 2 Correlations between personality and daily WhatsApp usage in minutes for the complete sample and the subsamples consisting of only males and females (all two sided tests)

From: Smartphone usage in the 21st century: who is active on WhatsApp?

   Extraversion Neuroticism Conscientiousness Agreeableness Openness
Total sample n = 2,418 WhatsApp usage rho = .18, p < .001 rho = .07, p < .001 rho = −.13, p < .001 rho = .001, p = .96 rho = −.01, p = .54
Males n = 1,468 WhatsApp usage rho = .19, p < .001 rho = .002, p = .94 rho = −.12, p < .001 rho = −.01, p = .77 rho = −.04, p = .09
Females n = 950 WhatsApp usage rho = .10, p = .002 rho = .04, p = .26 rho = −.18, p < .001 rho = .03, p = .37 rho = −.07, p = .046