Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients infected with Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09

From: The CCR5Δ32 (rs333) polymorphism is not a predisposing factor for severe pandemic influenza in the Brazilian admixed population

Characteristics All patients Non-hospitalized Hospitalized p value
N 330 174 156  
Female sex 203 (61.5) 102 (58.6) 101 (64.7) 0.254
Age (years) 24.7 ± 15.3 23.8 ± 14.2 25.8 ± 16.5 0.270
Pregnant 47 (31.8) 19 (26.0) 28 (37.3) 0.140
Smoking 18 (5.5) 6 (3.4) 12 (7.7) 0.090
Signs and symptoms
 Fever 320 (97.0) 167 (96.0) 153 (98.1) 0.267
 Cough 311 (94.2) 161 (92.5) 150 (96.2) 0.158
 Shortness of breath 245 (74.2) 101 (58.0) 144 (92.3) <0.001
 Muscle aches 212 (64.2) 117 (67.2) 95 (60.9) 0.230
 Rhinorrhea 197 (59.7) 113 (64.9) 84 (53.8) 0.040
 Sore throat 192 (58.2) 107 (61.5) 85 (54.5) 0.198
 Chills 138 (41.8) 72 (41.4) 66 (42.3) 0.864
Joint pain 118 (35.8) 64 (36.8) 54 (34.6) 0.682
 Headache 63 (19.1) 40 (23) 23 (14.7) 0.057
 Diarrhea 55 (16.7) 24 (13.8) 31 (19.9) 0.139
 Conjunctivitis 21 (6.4) 15 (8.6) 6 (3.8) 0.076
Abnormal chest radiograph 81 (24.5) 0 (0) 81 (51.9) <0.001
Without comorbidities 220 (66.7) 128 (73.6) 92 (59.0) 0.005
With comorbidities
 Chronic lung disorder 65 (19.6) 29 (16.7) 36 (23.1) 0.144
 Chronic cardiovascular condition 22 (6.6) 10 (5.7) 12 (7.7) 0.470
 Metabolic disorder 12 (3.6) 1 (0.6) 11 (7.1) 0.002
 Immunosuppression 7 (2.1) 0 (0) 7 (4.5) 0.005
 Obesity 8 (2.4) 1 (0.6) 7 (4.5) 0.021
 Hemoglobinopathy 3 (0.9) 1 (0.6) 2 (1.3) 0.490
 Chronic kidney disease 4 (1.2) 1 (0.6) 3 (1.9) 0.260
Death 87 (26.3) 0 (0) 87 (55.7) <0.001
Genetic ancestry
 Native American 0.264 ± 0.18 0.250 ± 0.19 0.280 ± 19 0.147
 European 0.574 ± 0.20 0.600 ± 0.20 0.544 ± 19 0.006
 African 0.162 ± 0.11 0.150 ± 0.10 0.176 ± 11 0.010
  1. Age and genetic ancestry were reported as the mean ± SD. All other variables are reported as number (%).