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Table 3 High strain and occupational risk factors in Moroccan HCWs: multivariate analysis

From: Psychosocial and occupational risk perception among health care workers: a Moroccan multicenter study

Problematic context: high strain n % p Crude OR Crude CI Adjusted OR CI
Group, n = 2472
 Casablanca region 387 50 *** 1   1  
 Northern Morocco 399 51 0.62 0.50–0.75 1.03 0.82–1.31
 Southern Morocco 353 38 1.05 0.86–1.29 0.73 0.56–0.96
Gender, n = 2453
 Female 620 48 * 1   1  
 Male 512 45 0.89 0.76–1.05 1.26 1.04–1.53
Age, n = 2440   0.99 0.98–0.99
Employment contract, n = 2462
 Permanent 1096 46 *** 1  
 Temporary 37 48 1.09 0.67–1.75
Employment type, n = 2448
 Full-time 923 49 *** 1.68 1.37–2.05 1.65 1.24–2.19
 Part-time 201 36 1   1  
Occupational category, n = 2452
 Administrative 123 45 *** 1   1  
 Nursing management 16 62 1.94 0.80–4.79 2.10 0.85–5.23
 Specialist nurse 181 42 0.87 0.63–1.20 0.79 0.56–1.12
 Nurse 335 49 1.15 0.86–1.53 1.07 0.77–1.48
 Nursing aide 16 46 1.02 0.48–2.18 0.96 0.42–2.21
 Custodial staff 27 45 0.99 0.54–1.80 0.95 0.51–1.78
 Midwife 94 69 2.71 1.72–4.29 2.33 1.41–3.85
 Rehabilitation medicine staff 7 18 0.27 0.11–0.68 0.24 0.09–0.62
 Social worker 6 50 1.21 0.34–4.37 1.34 0.36–5.08
 Physician 244 41 0.84 0.62–1.13 0.65 0.47–0.91
 Ancillary staff 45 54 1.43 0.85–2.42 1.33 0.75–2.34
 Technical staff 12 50 1.21 0.49–3.00 0.44 0.15–1.31
 Other 21 45 0.98 0.50–1.90 1.12 0.52–2.42
Accessibility in the workplace, n = 2504
 Satisfactory 750 42 *** 1   1  
 Unsatisfactory 363 52 1.50 1.26–1.78 1.24 1.01–1.53
Comfortable work posture, n = 2799
 Satisfactory 379 41 ** 1  
 Unsatisfactory 698 47 1.30 1.10–1.53
Work plan height, n = 2799
 Satisfactory 417 41 *** 1  
 Unsatisfactory 587 47 1  
Manual handling, n = 2799
 Easy 489 43 ** 1.31 1.11–1.55
 Difficult 495 49 1  
Noise level, n = 2799
 Correct 563 39 *** 1.27 1.07–1.51 1  
 Incorrect 556 51 1   1.31 1.08–1.60
Lighting or brightness level, n = 2799
 Correct 501 38 *** 1   1  
 Incorrect 624 52 1.76 1.50–2.06 1.45 1.19–1.76
Ambient temperature level, n = 2799
 Acceptable 409 40 *** 1  
 Unacceptable 721 48 1.38 1.17–1.62
Exposure to hazardous chemicals, n = 2799
 Satisfactory 279 47 * 1  
 Unsatisfactory 792 46 0.96 0.79–1.16
Exposure to radiation, n = 2799
 Satisfactory 185 43 * 1  
 Unsatisfactory 881 47 1.17 0.94–1.45
Safety instructions, n = 2799
 Present or available 287 40 ** 1  
 Absent or unavailable 777 47 1.29 1.08–1.54
Use of hypnotics or sedatives, n = 2835
 Yes 250 53 *** 1.50 1.22–1.85 1.41 1.11–1.79
 No 811 43 1   1  
Use of analgesics, n = 2835
 Yes 499 50 *** 1.36 1.15–1.61 1.37 1.13–1.66
 No 587 42 1   1  
  1. CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, p p value for Chi square test
  2. *** p < 0.001, ** 0.001 < p < 0.01, * 0.01 < p < 0.05