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Table 1 Bivariate analysis of institutional delivery by individual level factors, EDHS 2011

From: Multilevel analysis of individual and community level factors associated with institutional delivery in Ethiopia

Individual level characteristics Institutional delivery Total (%)
Yes (%) No (%)
Age group of women
 15–24 years 396 (19.7) 1616 (80.3) 2012 (25.9)
 25–34 years 676 (17.8) 3121 (82.2) 3797 (49.0)
 35–49 years 193 (9.9) 1755 (90.1) 1948 (25.1)
Marital status
 Married 1099 (15.6) 5940 (84.4) 7039 (90.7)
 Others 166 (23.1) 552 (76.9) 718 (9.3)
Religion
 Orthodox 655 (24.3) 2037 (75.7) 2692 (34.7)
 Protestant 171 (11.6) 1306 (88.4) 1477 (19.1)
 Muslim 424 (12.6) 2934 (87.4) 3358 (43.3)
 Others 15 (6.6) 211 (93.4) 226 (2.9)
Women educational level
 No education 360 (6.9) 4820 (93.1) 5180 (66.8)
 Primary 523 (25.0) 1571 (75.0) 2094 (27.0)
 Secondary & above 382 (79.1) 101 (20.9) 483 (6.2)
Husband educational level
 No education 213 (5.4) 3715 (94.6) 3928 (51.2)
 Primary 484 (17.3) 2306 (82.7) 2790 (36.3)
 Secondary & above 538 (55.9) 425 (44.1) 963 (12.5)
Sex of house hold head
 Female 365 (23.4) 1195 (76.6) 1560 (20.1)
 Male 900 (14.5) 5297 (85.5) 6197 (79.9)
Health care decision
 Husband 156 (7.9) 1827 (92.1) 1983 (28.2)
 Women 299 (27.3) 795 (72.7) 1094 (15.6)
 Jointly 644 (16.3) 3309 (83.7) 3953 (56.2)
Household wealth index
 Poorest 85 (3.7) 2192 (96.3) 2277 (29.3)
 Poor 55 (4.1) 1299 (95.9) 1354 (17.5)
 Middle 49 (3.9) 1190 (96.1) 1239 (16.0)
 Rich 111 (9.0) 1118 (91.0) 1229 (15.8)
 Richest 965 (58.2) 693 (41.8) 1658 (21.4)
Media exposure
 Has no exposure 516 (8.7) 5419 (91.3) 5935 (76.5)
 Has exposure 749 (41.1) 1073 (58.9) 1822 (23.5)
Birth order
 1 519 (35.2) 956 (64.8) 1475 (19.0)
 2–3 476 (19.7) 1941 (80.3) 2417 (31.2)
 4–5 167 (9.4) 1610 (90.6) 1777 (22.9)
 6+ 103 (4.9) 1985 (95.1) 2088 (26.9)
ANC visit
 No visit 178 (4.2) 4110 (95.8) 4288 (55.3)
 1 visit 31 (9.2) 307 (90.8) 338 (4.4)
 2–3 visits 258 (18.1) 1170 (81.9) 1428 (18.4)
 4 and above visits 798 (46.9) 905 (53.1) 1703 (21.9)