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Table 3 Selected characteristics of the GROW sample, weighted, N = 3016

From: Survey methodology of the geographic research on wellbeing (GROW) study

Demographic characteristics  
 Mother’s age, years (mean, range) 36.1 (20–57)
 Child’s age, years (mean, range) 6.9 (4–10)
 Child’s sex,  % girls 48.6
 Mother’s race/ethnicity (%)
  African American/Black 6.6
  American Indian/Alaskan Native or other 0.6
  Asian/Pacific Islander 14.8
  Latina, immigrant 36.9
  Latina, US-born 15.9
  White 25.3
 Child’s race/ethnicity (%)
  African American/Black 5.1
  American Indian/Alaskan Native 0.2
  Asian/Pacific Islander 10.6
  Latina/o 56.3
  Multiple race/ethnicity 7.1
  White 20.8
 Mother’s marital status (%)
  Married 70.1
  Living with someone as if married 13.3
  Separated/divorced/widowed 6.9
  Single/never married 9.8
  Number of children in household, all ages (mean, range) 2.8 (0–14)
 Residential mobility, times moved in past 5 years (%)
  0 times 62.6
  1 time 19.4
  2–5 times 16.8
  >5 times 1.3
Socioeconomic characteristics
 Family Income (% of federal poverty level) (%)
  0–100 % 27.3
  101–200 % 18.0
  201–300 % 10.2
  301–400 % 7.4
  401+ % 26.0
  Missing 11.2
 Mother’s educational attainment (%)
  8th grade or less 10.8
  Some high school 9.8
  High school graduate or GED 22.3
  Some college 22.8
  College graduate or more 34.3
 Mother’s employment status in past 2 weeks (%)
  Unemployed 46.3
  Worked part-time (<40 h/week) 23.4
  Worked full-time (40+ h/week) 30.3
 Housing tenure (%)
  Home owner (with or without a mortgage) 44.7
  Renter 53.0
  Other (lived in but pay no rent) 2.3
  Mothers with food insecurity (%) 23.4
Neighborhood characteristics
 Length of time in neighborhood (%)
  <1 year 8.3
  1–5 years 26.8
  6–10 years 31.9
  >10 years 33.0
 Social cohesion in neighborhood (mean, range) 14.7 (5–20)
 Neighborhood safety from crime (% very/somewhat unsafe) 15.4
Mother’s Psychosocial characteristics
 Depressive symptoms in past 12 months (% yes)a 19.9
 Emotional support (% yes)b 93.3
 Practical support (% yes)c 92.4
 Financial support (% yes)d 79.1
 Number of friends (mean, range) 7.9 (0–200)
Health-related characteristics
 Child’s
  Activity limitation in past 30 days (% >1 day) 5.5
  Days of physical activity for at least an hour (% every day) 28.6
  Percentile of weight for age (mean, range) 54.3 (0–99.99)
  Daily consumption of fruit (%) 65.7
  Daily consumption of vegetables (%) 49.7
 Mother’s
  Activity limitation in past 30 days (% >1 day) 16.4
  Health status as fair/poor (%) 21.8
  Sedentary physical activity (%) 40.2
  BMI (mean, range) 26.8 (14.9–62.2)
  Daily consumption of fruit (%) 48.5
  Daily consumption of vegetables (%) 57.9
  1. a2 weeks or longer when respondent felt sad, empty, or depressed for most of the day
  2. bSomeone to turn to if respondent needed someone to comfort or listen to her
  3. cSomeone to help with practical help, like getting a ride, help with shopping/cooking a meal, or watching her children for a short time
  4. dSomeone to turn to if respondent needed extra help financially, like help paying for some bills, the rent or mortgage, or food that she needed