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Table 1 Sociodemographic data and clinical characteristics in three study groups

From: Trigger factors in primary headaches subtypes: a cross-sectional study from a tertiary centre in Greece

  Total (N = 116) MoA (N = 47) MA (N = 41) TTH (N = 28) p value
Sex—no. (%)
 Men 23 (19.8) 11(23.4) 4 (9.8) 8 (28.6) 0.110
 Women 93 (80.2) 36 (76.6) 37 (90.2) 20 (71.4)
Age group—no. (%)
 18–29 20 (17.2) 8 (17.0) 7 (17.1) 5 (17.9) 0.923
 30–49 66 (56.9) 28 (59.6) 24 (58.5) 14 (50.0)
 50–69 30 (25.9) 11 (23.4) 10 (24.4) 9 (32.1)
Marital status—no. (%)
 Single 34 (29.3) 14 (29.8) 13 (31.7) 7 (25.0) 0.989
 Married 67 (57.8) 26 (55.3) 23 (56.1) 18 (64.3)
 Divorced 13 (11.2) 6 (12.8) 4 (9.8) 3 (10.7)
 Widowed 2 (1.7) 1 (2.1) 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0)
Education level—no. (%)
 Without basic 4 (3.4) 1(2.1) 2 (4.9) 1 (3.6) 0.576
 Primary school 13 (11.2) 8 (17.0) 3 (7.3) 2 (7.1)
 Secondary school 6 (5.2) 2 (4.3) 2 (4.9) 2 (7.1)
 High school 41 (35.3) 19 (40.4) 11 (26.8) 11 (39.3)
 Higher education 52 (44.8) 17 (36.2) 23 (56.1) 12 (42.8)
Employment status—no. (%)
 Employed 68 (58.6) 31 (66.0) 24 (58.5) 13 (46.4) 0.252
 Unemployed 48 (41.4) 16 (34.0) 17 (41.5) 15 (53.6)
Physical activity—mean (SD) (h) 2.0 (2.7) 1.6 (2.3) 2.2 (2.7) 2.3 (3.4) 0.607
Sleep duration—mean (SD) (h) 6.9 (1.2) 7.1 (1.3) 6.9 (1.3) 6.6 (1.1) 0.101
Time until sleep occurrence—mean (SD) (min) 29.3 (26.0) 26.5 (21.5) 29.0 (31.3) 34.3 (24.8) 0.243
Coffee—mean (SD) (cups/day) 1.4 (1.0) 1.4 (1.0) 1.5 (1.0) 1.3 (1.0) 0.740
Alcohol—mean (SD) (drinks/day) 0.2 (0.5) 0.1 (0.5) 0.2 (0.4) 0.3 (0.5) 0.135
Smoke—mean (SD) (cigarettes/day) 6.9 (10.9) 7.8 (11.6) 5.7 (9.7) 7.3 (11.7) 0.656
Disorder duration—mean (SD) (years) 13.1 (11.9) 14.1 (12.1) 16.1 (12.1) 6.9 (9.1) <0.001
Attacks frequency—mean (SD) (number/month) 5.7 (4.9) 3.9 (3.2) 3.5 (2.3) 11.6 (5.2) <0.001
Attack duration—mean (SD) (h) 16.3 (16.6) 19.7 (17.5) 18.6 (17.5) 7.1 (9.2) <0.001
Attack intensity—mean (SD) (1–10) 7.6 (1.7) 8.1 (1.2) 7.9 (1.6) 6.4 (1.9) <0.001
Disability for work—mean (SD) (1–3) 2.2 (0.8) 2.2 (0.8) 2.4 (0.7) 1.7 (0.8) 0.003
Disability for everyday activities—mean(SD) (1–3) 2.1 (0.8) 2.2 (0.9) 2.4 (0.7) 1.6 (0.7) <0.001
Anxiety score—mean (SD) (1–21) 7.5 (4.2) 7.3 (3.8) 8.0 (4.3) 7.4 (4.9) 0.798
Depression score—mean (SD) (1–21) 6.0 (3.9) 6.6 (3.9) 5.3 (3.8) 6.1 (4.0) 0.213
  1. MoA, MA, TTH denote migraine without aura, migraine with aura and tension-type headache, respectively