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Table 1 Socio-demographic factors, anthropometric and medical history of the study participants

From: Serum vitamin D status in children with protein-energy malnutrition admitted to a national referral hospital in Uganda

Characteristic Non malnourished (n = 41) Malnourished (n = 117) Total (n = 158) P value
Age (months)
 6–11 18 (43.9) 51 (43.6) 69 (43.7) 0.865
 12–17 10 (24.4) 33 (28.2) 43 (27.2)
 18–24 13 (31.7) 33 (28.2) 46 (29.1)
Gender
 Female 19 (46.3) 48 (41.0) 67 (42.4) 0.553
 Male 22 (53.7) 69 (59.0) 91 (57.6)
Median height (IQR) cm
 6–11 months 67.5 (61.0–68.0) 67.0 (64.5–70.0)   0.341
 12–17 months 73.6 (72.4–77.5) 70.0 (68.0–73.8)  
 18–24 months 81.5 (74.0–84.0) 75.0 (72.0–77.5)  
Median weight (IQR), kg
 6–11 months 7.9 (6.8–8.9) 6.0 (5.5–7.2)   <0.001
 12–17 months 10.0 (9.0–11.0) 6.7 (6.0–7.0)  
 18–24 months 10.4 (95.0–12.0) 8.0 (7.0–8.5)  
Long standing illness in past 3 months
 Yes 12 (29.3) 52 (44.4) 64 (44.8) 0.027
 No 28 (68.3) 51 (43.6) 79 (55.2)
Feeding type
 Exclusive breast feeding 4 (9.8) 3 (2.6) 7 (4.4) 0.131
 Complimentary feeding 19 (46.3) 52 (44.4) 71 (44.9)
 Only solid foods 18 (43.9) 62 (53.0) 80 (50.6)
  1. There were 117 malnourished and 41 non malnourished children. Twenty-two (53.7 %) of the non malnourished were male and 69 (59.0 %) of the malnourished were male. Non malnourished children aged 6–11 months had a median height of 67.5 cm (61.0–68.0) and a median weight of 7.9 kg (6.8–8.9). There were 52 (44.4 %) of the malnourished who were reported to have a history of a long standing illness in the 3 months prior to admission