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Table 2 Distribution of serum vitamin D levels, calcium and phosphate among the enrolled children

From: Serum vitamin D status in children with protein-energy malnutrition admitted to a national referral hospital in Uganda

Characteristic Non malnourished n = 41 (%) Malnourished n = 117 (%) Total n = 158 (%) P value
Vitamin D (ng/mL)
 <5 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.689
 <10 1 (2.4) 3 (2.6) 4 (2.5)
 <20 6 (14.6) 14 (12.0) 20 (12.7)
 21–29 8 (19.5) 34 (29.1) 42 (26.6)
 ≥30 26 (63.4) 66 (56.4) 92 (58.2)
Calcium (mmol/L)
 <2.20 26 (63.4) 50 (43.5) 76 (48.1) 0.063
 2.20–2.60 13 (31.7) 61 (52.1) 74 (46.8)
 >2.60 1 (2.5) 4 (3.5) 5 (3.2)
Phosphate (mmol/L)
 <0.90 0 (0.0) 7 (6.0) 7 (4.4) 0.000
 0.90–1.50 1 (2.4) 51 (43.6) 52 (32.9)
 >1.50 40 (97.6) 58 (49.6) 98 (62.0)
  1. Twenty-six (63.4 %) of the non malnourished children and 66 (56.4 %) of the malnourished had normal serum vitamin D levels. Twenty-six (63.4 %) of the non malnourished and 50 (43.5 %) had low serum calcium levels. Forty (97.6 %) of the non malnourished and 58 (49.6 %) of the malnourished had elevated serum phosphate levels