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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants based on waterpipe ever use and non-use

From: Determinants of waterpipe use amongst adolescents in Northern Sweden: a survey of use pattern, risk perception, and environmental factors

Sociodemographic characteristics Study participants Waterpipe ever use Never smoked waterpipe
N = 106
N (%)
N = 62
N (%)
N = 44
N (%)
Gender*
 Boys 34 (32) 25 (74) 9 (26)
 Girls 72 (68) 37 (51) 35 (49)
Age*
 19–20 years 41 (39) 31 (76) 10 (24)
 17–18 years 65 (61) 31 (48) 34 (52)
School grade*
 HS2 and HS3 81 (76) 56 (70) 25 (30)
 HS1 25 (24) 6 (24) 19 (76)
School performance*
 Average and below average 65 (61) 43 (66) 22 (34)
 Above average 41 (39) 19 (46) 22 (54)
Job
 Yes 25 (24) 15 (60) 10 (40)
 No 81 (76) 47 (58) 34 (42)
Depression*
 Yes 28 (26) 21 (75) 7 (25)
 No 78 (74) 41 (53) 37 (47)
Cigarette ever use**
 Yes 51 (48) 37 (73)** 14 (27)
 No 55 (52) 25 (46)* 30 (54)
Snuff ever use*
 Yes 35 (33) 25 (71)* 10 (29)
 No 71 (67) 37 (52) 34 (48)
Sensation seeking scoreϮ
 Mean (standard deviation) 3.4 (0.7) 3.6 (0.7) 3.2 (0.7)
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.001, p values were reported from Chi square test
  2. Ϯ p < 0.05, p values were reported from independent sample t test