Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the Patients at ART initiation, South West Ethiopia, 2012

From: Outcomes of highly active antiretroviral therapy and its predictors: a cohort study focusing on tuberculosis co-infection in South West Ethiopia

Variables Category TB status p value
No (N = 520) Yes (N = 130)
Age in year, mean ± std. error of mean 33.6 ± 0.4 33.4 ± 0.8 0.850
Gender Male, N (%) 165 (31.7) 56 (43.1) 0.017
Female, N (%) 355 (68.3) 74 (56.9)  
Residence Rural, N (%) 125 (24) 35 (26.9) 0.569
Urban, N (%) 395 (76) 95 (73.1)  
Marital status Never married N (%) 102 (19.6) 26 (20.0) 0.160
Ever married, N (%) 418 (80.4) 104 (80.0)  
Educational level Illiterate, N (%) 102 (19.6) 37 (28.5) 0.168
Primary, N (%) 183 (35.2) 39 (30)  
Secondary, N (%) 175 (33.7) 39 (30)  
Tertiary, N (%) 60 (11.5) 15 (11.5)  
Employment status Unemployed, N (%) 350 (67.3) 91 (70.0) 0.257
Employed, N (%) 170 (33.7) 39 (30.0)  
Drug addiction behavior No, N (%) 246 (47.3) 57 (43.8) 0.479
Yes, N (%) 274 (52.7) 73 (56.2)  
Weight in kg, mean ± std. error of mean 52.0 ± 0.4 49.1 ± 0.8 0.003
CD4 in cells/mm3, mean ± std. error of mean 153.8 ± 3.8 128.7 ± 9.7 0.006
BMI in kg/m2, mean ± std. error of mean 19.4 ± 0.1 18.2 ± 0.3 <0.001
Hgb mg/dl, mean ± std. error of mean 12.3 ± 0.1 11.03 ± 0.2 <0.001
WHO clinical stage Stage I/II, N (%) 334 (64.2) 0 (0) <0.001
Stage III, N (%) 157 (30.2) 85 (65.4)  
Stage IV, N (%) 29 (5.6) 45 (34.6)  
ART regimen Non TDF based, N (%) 325 (63.3) 76 (59.2) <0.001
TDF-based, N (%) 196 (37.7) 53 (40.8)  
Functional status Working, N (%) 378 (72.7) 51 (38.7) <0.001
Ambulatory, N (%) 127 (24.4) 66 (50.8)  
Bed ridden, N (%) 15 (2.9) 13 (10)