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Table 1 Characteristics of homecare nurse, home helper, and care manager agencies

From: Factors related to the provision of home-based end-of-life care among home-care nursing, home help, and care management agencies in Japan

  Homecare nurse Home helper Care manager
n = 371 n = 274 n = 452
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Median (25–75 percentile) Median (25–75 percentile) Median (25–75 percentile)
Number of staff (FTE) 4.0 (3.0–5.8) 6.1 (3.4–11.6) 2.0 (1.35–3.45)
Nursing staff    183 (40.5)
Number of clients/1 month 45.0 (28.0–75.0) 42.0 (25.0–73.0) 58.0 (32.0–97.0)
Agency ownership
 Social welfare corporation 39 (10.6) 72 (26.4) 133 (29.6)
 Profit corporation 102 (27.7) 144 (52.7) 166 (37.0)
 Healthcare corporation 136 (37.0) 29 (10.6) 84 (18.7)
 Others 91 (24.7) 28 (10.3) 66 (14.7)
Other healthcare facility owned by the same organization
 Care management agency 235 (63.3) 196 (76.6)  
 Homecare nursing agency   45 (17.6) 70 (17.7)
 Home help agency 115 (31.0)   201 (50.9)
 Healthcare facility 97 (26.1) 13 (5.1) 52 (13.2)
 Non-bed clinic 44 (11.9) 10 (3.9) 22 (5.6)
Number of collaborating HN agencies 2.0 (1.0–3.0)
Number of collaborating HH agencies 5.0 (3.0–9.0)
Number of collaborating CM agencies 10.0 (5.0–18.0) 6.0 (3.0–10.0)
Number of collaborating healthcare facilities 13.0 (8.0–25.0)
Additional reimbursement for intensive service
 By long-term care insurance 354 (96.5) 17 (6.4) 14 (3.2)
 By healthcare insurance 326 (89.3)
Accepting end-of-life clients 141 (52.0)
Homecare nurses and home helpers could visit clients together 264 (73.3) 155 (58.1) 266 (61.1)
Number of clients who died at home/3 or 6 months, mean ± SD 2.1 ± 4.0 0.9 ± 1.3 1.5 ± 2.2
  1. The figures of each item were not equal to the total number of the participants due to missing values; percentages for each item were calculated after excluding missing values
  2. SD standard deviation