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Table 4 Change in mean CD4+ T-cell count of HIV-positive Pre-ART study participants in antihelminthic treatment group after 15 weeks period of treatment from Arba Minch, Chencha and Gidole hospitals, Ethiopia, Dec. 2008–Sept. 2009

From: Deworming and the immune status of HIV positive pre-antiretroviral therapy individuals in Arba Minch, Chencha and Gidole hospitals, Southern Ethiopia

Intestinal helminths Before treatment (at baseline) After treatment Differences P value
Antihelminthic treatment (n = 29)
Ascaris lumbricoides n = 24 n = 24   
 CD4+ count (cells/µl) (SD) 392.7 (140.0) 456.5 (228.6) +65.3 (149.4) P = 0.05
Hookworm species n = 2 n = 2   
 CD4+ count (cells/µl) (SD) 655 (325.6) 503 (75.36) −151.5 (289.9) P = 0.69
Mixed infectiona n = 2 n = 2   
 CD4+ count (cells/µl) (SD) 304.0 (14.1) 372.0 (243.2) +68.0 (257.0) P = 0.7
All treated infectionb n = 29 n = 29   
 CD4+ count (cells/µl) (SD) 406.79 (162.1) 453.82 (217.7) +48.0 (178.7) P = 0.16
  1. aMore than one intestinal helminth infections
  2. bCD4+ T-cell count values of all parasites species included in all treated infection category