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Table 3 Clinical characteristics of hypertensive patients, Kinshasa, 2013 (n = 395)

From: Predictors of non-adherence to antihypertensive medication in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: a cross-sectional study

Variables n (%)
Duration of hypertension, year
 <5 220 55.7
 ≥5 149 36.7
 Unknown 26 6.6
Duration of antihypertensive treatment, year
 <5 239 60.5
 ≥5 126 31.9
 Unknown 30 7.6
Control of blood pressure, n = 390
 Uncontrolled 329 84.4
 Controlled 61 15.6
Number of pills, n = 395
 Mean (SD) 1.7 (1.2)  
Experience of medication side effects 217 54.9
Experience of physical symptoms due to hypertension 255 64.6
Physical symptoms felt, n = 255
 Dizziness 157 61.6
 Tiredness 84 32.9
 Blurred vision 79 30.9
 Headache 60 23.5
 Palpitations 17 6.6
 Additional symptoms 20 7.8
Presence of co-morbidity 213 53.9
Types of co-morbidity   
Diabetes 207 52.4
Heart diseases 6 1.5
Taking of non-prescribed medications 81 20.5
Adherence measurement
 Have you ever forgotten to take your BP medicine? 126 31.9
 Are you sometimes careless in regard to your medicine? 84 23.8
 Do you skip your medicine when you are feeling well? 124 31.4
 When you feel bad due to the medicine, do you skip it? 87 22.0
Medication non-adherence 214 54.2