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Table 3 Data description about exercise type, muscles analyzed and primary results for aged NMJ pre- and post-synaptic compartment

From: Effects of exercise on neuromuscular junction components across age: systematic review of animal experimental studies

Reference Exercise type Muscle Pre-synaptic compartment Post-synaptic compartment
Andonian and Fahim [21] Endurance Soleus and EDL ↓ Perimeter and branch numbers (soleus) Not measured
Fahim [22] Endurance Gluteus maximus ↓ Nerve terminal area Not measured
Deschenes et al. [18] Endurance Soleus and plantaris Soleus
Slow-twitch = ↓average branch length;
Fast-twitch = ↑branch number;
Plantaris
Slow-twitch = ↓branch number, total branch length and branching complexity;
Fast-twitch = not changed
Soleus
Slow-twitch = ↓stained perimeter;
Fast-twitch = not changed
Plantaris
Slow-twitch = ↑pre to post coupling;
Fast-twitch = not changed
Deschenes et al. [19] Resistance Soleus and plantaris Soleus
Slow-twitch = not changed
Fast-twitch = not changed
Plantaris
Slow-twitch = not changed
Fast-twitch = not changed
Soleus
Slow-twitch = not changed
Fast-twitch = ↑total and stained area; ↓end plate dispersion;
Plantaris
Slow-twitch = not changed
Fast-twitch = not changed