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Table 3 Practice of premedication use and policy coverage for neonatal intubation in various countries based on available published studies

From: Neonatal preintubation sedation: a national survey in Malaysia

No Author Chronology publication Year Country Number of NICU sampled NICU level of care Percentage of premedication use by NICU (%) Percentage of units with policies & protocols (%)
1 Ziegler et al. [9] 1992 USA 101 III 3.0 % Not reported
2 Whyte et al. [10] 2000 United Kingdom 239 II & III 37.0 % 14.0 %
3 Simon et al. [13] 2004 France 75 III 37.0 % Not reported
4 Lago et al. [14] 2005 Italy 90 II & III 13.0 % 25.0 %
5 Walter-Nicolet E et al. [17] 2007 France 58 Not reported Not reported# 60.0 %
6 This study 2007 Malaysia 39 II & III 97.4 % 17.9 %
7 Mckechnie et al. [15] 2008 United Kingdom 192 II & III Not reported 70.0 %
8 Kelleher et al. [16] 2009 United Kingdom 221 II & III 93.0 % 76.0 %
9 Chaudhary et al. [11] 2009 United Kingdom 50 III 90.0 % 77.0 %
10 Wheeler et al. [18] 2012 Australia and New Zealand 28 NICUs and two neonatal emergency transport services All the tertiary NICUs and neonatal emergency transport services 100.0 % 80.0 %
11 Y Singh et al. [19] 2012 United Kingdom 44 Tertiary neonatal units 100.0 % 91.0 %
  1. #This study reported that 74.0 % of the newborns received a sedative and/or an analgesic before being intubated