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Table 2 Characteristics of premature infants born at less than 37 weeks of gestation admitted to NICU and KMC wards at Kabezi District, Burundi (2011–2012)

From: Low-tech, high impact: care for premature neonates in a district hospital in Burundi. A way forward to decrease neonatal mortality

Premature infants <32 weeks of gestation N = 134 (%) 32–36 weeks of gestation N = 236 (%) p-value
Birth weight (g)    
 <1000 17 (13) 1 (0.4) <0.0001
 1000–1499 61 (46) 33 (14)
 1500–2499 47 (35) 181 (77)
 >2500 4 (3) 14 (6)
 Not recorded 5 (4) 7 (3)
Sex    
 Male 72 (54) 115 (49) 0.6
 Female 61 (46) 117 (50)
 Not recorded 1 (1) 4 (2)
APGAR score at 5 minutes    
 0–6 54 (40) 71 (30) 0.1
 7–10 74 (55) 151 (64)
 Not recorded 6 (5) 14 (6)
Mode of delivery    
 Caesarean section 46 (34) 101 (43) 0.06
 Instrumental vaginal 0 4 (2)
 Non-instrumental vaginal 88 (66) 128 (54)
 Not recorded 0 3 (1)
Perinatal interventions    
 Steroid treatmenta 69 (52) 94 (40) 0.06
 Tocolytics used 58 (43) 66 (28) 0.01
 Active birth resuscitation 107 (80) 151 (64) 0.005
Antenatal maternal complications    
 Prolonged/obstructed labour 39 (29) 81 (34) 0.1
 Ante-partum haemorrhage 20 (15) 25 (11)
 Sepsis 7 (5) 8 (3)
 (Pre-)eclampsia 1 (1) 13 (6)
 Uterine rupture 0 1 (0.4)
 Other severe conditions 57 (43) 81 (34)
  1. NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, KMC Kangaroo Maternal Care
  2. aDexamethasone for lung maturation