Skip to main content

Table 4 Multivariable analysis of the associated factors according to the mistreatment status

From: Does the presence of siblings affect the results produced by a surveillance system of child mistreatment? Comparisons of several commonly-used statistical methods

Variables (n = 395) Logistic Logistic robust GEE GEE robust
ORa (ES) (95 % CI) ORa (ES) (95 % CI) ORa (ES) (95 % CI) ORa (ES) (95 % CI)
[Correlation matrix: 0.835]
Gender P = 0.342 P = 0.935 P = 0.956 P = 0.968
 Girls 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Boys 1.23 (0.27) (0.80–1.88) 1.23 (0.27) (0.80–1.89) 1.01 (0.15) (0.75–1.36) 1.01 (0.21) (0.67–1.52)
Age P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P = 0.002
 ≤3 years 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 ≥4 years 2.77 (0.63) (1.77–4.32) 2.77 (0.69) (1.70–4.50) 2.06 (0.36) (1.47–2.89) 2.06 (0.49) (1.29–3.28)
Country of birth P = 0.052 P = 0.088 P = 0.115 P = 0.139
 Belgium 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Other country 1.76 (0.51) (1.00–3.10) 1.76 (0.58) (0.92–3.36) 1.50 (0.39) (0.91–2.50) 1.50 (0.42) (0.88–2.59)
Living environment P = 0.020 P = 0.031 P = 0.002 P = 0.014
 Elsewhere 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Family 2.57 (1.04) (1.16–5.68) 2.57 (1.12) (1.09–6.04) 3.57 (1.45) (1.60–7.93) 3.57 (1.85) (1.29–9.85)
Type of admission P = 0.260 P = 0.294 P = 0.323 P = 0.309
 Planned 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Emergency 1.39 (0.41) (0.78–2.48) 1.39 (0.44) (0.75–2.59) 1.34 (0.40) (0.75–2.40) 1.34 (0.39) (0.76–2.36)
Previous known case files P = 0.900 P = 0.919 P = 0.831 P = 0.844
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 0.97 (0.21) (0.63–1.50) 0.97 (0.26) (0.57–1.66) 1.05 (0.24) (0.67–1.64) 1.05 (0.26) (0.65–1.71)
  1. All values are vs. at risk of mistreatment. ORa are the adjusted odds ratio. The “P” are the p values of the Wald tests
  2. The “Correlation matrix” is the estimated (exchangeable) within-sibship correlation matrix