Skip to main content

Table 1 Summary of published articles regarding rubella in pregnant women in Africa between 2002 and 2014

From: Serological makers of rubella infection in Africa in the pre vaccination era: a systematic review

Location/Country Age Sample size IgG+ Cut off points Trimester Study period References
Mwanza, Tanzania 15–44 Urban = 161
Rural = 181
Urban = 146 (90.6 %)
Rural = 171 (94.5 %)
Overall (92.7 %)
10 IU/ml 1 = 13
2 = 171
3 = 133
Nov 2012–May 2013 [28]
Ibadan south west (SW), Nigeria 15–42 273 244 (89.4 %) 10 IU/ml NR July 2010 [36]
Ibadan, Nigeria 15–39 159 109 (68.5 %) 20 IU/ml NR March–Oct 2002 [24]
Ilorin, Nigeria   92 78 (84.8 %) 0.55U/ml 1 = 23
2 = 68
1 = none
July–September 2009 [37]
SW Nigeria 19–44 90 86 (95.5 %) >10 IU/ml NR Oct 2011–May 2012 [38]
Makurdi, Nigeria 18–36 534 NR NR 1 = 534 Feb–July 2007 [26]
SE, Nigeria 19–30 345 329 (95.4 %) NR NR June–Sept 2012 [39]
Benin, Nigeria 16–45 270 143 (52.9 %) ≥10 IU/ml NR NR [27]
Zaria, Nigeria 19–45 Urban = 387
Rural = 43
Urban = 380 (98.2 %)
Rural = 41 (95.3 %)
Overall (97.9 %)
NR NR May 2007–Fe 2008 [40]
Borno, Nigeria 15–40 90 75 (83.3 %) ≥10 IU/ml 1 = 11
2 = 23
3 = 56
NR [41]
Osogbo, Nigeria 15–40 200 175 (87.5 %) >10 IU/ml NR March–June 2011 [42]
W. Sudan 25.7a 231 151 (65.4 %) ≥10 IU/ml NR Aug–Oct 2009 [43]
Khartoum state, Sudan 16–40 80 55 (68.7 %) NR NR June 2012 [44]
Khartoum state, Sudan 16–47 500 465 (93 %) 15 IU/ml NR Nov 2008–March 2009 [45]
Maputo, Mozambique 15–30 Urban = 653
Rural = 321
Urban = 606 (92.8 %)
Rural = 311 (96.8 %)
Overall (94.1 %)
≥15 IU/ml NR Feb–April 2002 [46]
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso 18–50 100 77 (77 %) NR NR 2006–2008 [47]
Burkina Faso 16–42 Urban = 132
Rural = 209
Urban = 125 (94.7 %)
Rural = 193 (92.3 %)
Overall (93.2 %)
≥10 IU/ml NR Dec 2007–March 2008 [48]
Kenya 15–46 Urban = 470 437 (92.8 %) NR NR June–Dec 2005 [49]
Western cape, S. Africa 15–45 1200 1158 (96.5 %) 0.2 U/ml NR NR [50]
Cameroon 15–40 211 186 (88.1 %) >15 IU/ml NR April–July 2008 [51]
Benin 15–41 Rural = 283 266 (94 %) NR NR July–September 2011 [52]
Total    90 % (52.9–97.9 %)     
  1. NR not reported, NA not applicable
  2. aMean age