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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of HIV-infected men and women (n = 2662)

From: Women with HIV in Indonesia: are they bridging a concentrated epidemic to the wider community?

  Female* (n = 881) Male* (n = 1781)
Sociodemographics
 Median age, years (IQR) 28 (25–32) 30 (28–34)
 Education, n (%) No education 2 (0.3) 2 (0.2)
Up to 6 years 83 (11.3) 44 (2.9)
>6 to 9 years 110 (14.9) 136 (9.0)
>9 to 12 years 356 (48.3) 799 (53.1)
>12 years 186 (25.2) 524 (34.8)
 Occupation, n (%) None 163 (22.1) 340 (22.5)
Housewife 299 (40.5) 3 (0.2)
Job in the past month 277 (37.5) 1166 (77.3)
 Marital status, n (%) Single 85 (11.6) 669 (44.5)
Married 439 (59.7) 709 (47.1)
Divorced/widowed 211 (28.7) 126 (8.3)
 Smoking, n (%)   188 (35.7) 776 (76.0)
Probable transmission route
 History of IDU, n (%)   112 (16.1) 1081 (73.8)
 History of sex work, n (%)   14 (6.6) 0
 HIV test because of partner notification, n (%) 54 (25.5) 14 (4.0)
Risk behaviour
 Condom use, n (%) Never 337 (67.8) 427 (56.1)
Rarely 33 (6.8) 48 (6.4)
Sometimes 41 (8.3) 66 (8.8)
Often 14 (2.8) 51 (6.6)
Always 71 (14.3) 170 (22.1)
Clinical status
 WHO clinical stage,  % I 258 (39.6) 179 (13.5)
II 58 (8.9) 83 (6.3)
III 133 (20.4) 399 (30.1)
IV 203 (31.1) 663 (50.1)
Laboratory parameters
 Median CD4, cells/µl (IQR) 207 (51–370) 81 (18–270)
 Positive anti-HCV Antibody, n (%) 122 (22.8) 868 (74.9)
 Positive Hepatitis B, n (%)   17 (2.9) 96 (7.7)
Reproductive health    N/A
 Pregnant, n (%)   43 (8.6)
 Contraceptive use other than condom, n (%) 120 (22.5)
 Number of children, n (%) 0 179 (25.6)
1 320 (45.9)
2 142 (20.3)
≥3 57 (8.2)
  1. Data were missing for smoking (40.2 % in women and 42.7 % in men), pregnant (43.1 % in women), condom use (43.6 % in women and 56.8 % in men), history of sex work (75.9 % in women and 80.5 % in men) and HIV test because partner is HIV positive (75.9 % in women and 80.5 % in men)
  2. IQR interquartile range, IDU injecting drug use, HCV hepatitis C virus
  3. * Chi square or Mann–Whitney tests p value <0.01 for all variables presented