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Table 1 Trends in liver cirrhosis mortality, estimated alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, specialized alcohol treatment and hospitalization for liver disease

From: Liver cirrhosis mortality, alcohol consumption and tobacco consumption over a 62 year period in a high alcohol consumption country: a trend analysis

  Trend no. Trend
1 2 3 4 Entire time span
Years APC CI Years APC CI Years APC CI Years APC CI Years AAPC CI
Liver cirrhosis mortality
 Males 1952–1960 +8.4 +6.8 to +10.0 1960–1976 +2.8 +2.2 to +3.4 1976–1982 −4.8 −7.6 to −1.8 1982–2013 −1.2 −1.4 to −1.0 1952–2013 +0.7 +0.3 to +1.1
 Females 1952–1959 +8.9 +7.1 to +10.8 1959–1968 +4.3 +2.9 to +5.8 1968–1995 −1.0 −1.3 to −0.8 1995–2013 −1.9 −2.3 to −1.5 1952–2013 +0.6 +0.3 to +0.9
Alcohol liters
  1952–1962 +7.9 +7.5 to +8.4 1962–1971 +3.4 +2.8 to +4.0 1971–1976 +0.7 ns −0.9 to +2.4 1976–2013 −1.0 −1.1 to −1.0 1952–2013 +1.2 +1.0 to +1.4
Cigarette equivalents
  1952–1971 +3.6 +3.3 to +3.9 1971–2003 −0.9 −1.1 to −0.8 2003–2006 −6.7 ns −15.7 to +3.3 2006–2013 −1.2 ns −2.5 to +0.2 1952–2013 +0.1 ns −0.4 to +0.7
Substance use disorder treatments
  1982–2009 +3.1 +2.7 to +3.6 2009–2013 −2.9 ns −9.8 to +4.5        1982–2013 +2.3 +1.3 to +3.3
Hospital treatments ICD10: K70
 Males 2000–2013 +2.4 +1.7 to +3.0           2000–2013 +2.4 +1.7 to +3.0
 Females 2000–2013 +1.7 +1.1 to +2.2           2000–2013 +1.7 +1.1 to +2.2
Hospital treatments ICD10: K74
 Males 2000–2009 −3.2 −5.0 to −1.4 2009–2013 +3.4 ns −3.2 to +10.4        2000–2013 −1.2 ns −3.3 to +0.8
 Females 2000–2009 −1.9 −2.9 to −0.9 2009–2013 +3.4 ns −0.1 to +7.0        2000–2013 −0.3 ns −1.4 to +0.8
Hospital treatments ICD10: K70 or K74
 Males 2000–2013 +1.0 +0.7 to +1.2           2000–2013 +1.0 +0.7 to +1.2
 Females 2000–2013 +0.5 +0.3 to +0.8           2000–2013 +0.5 +0.3 to +0.8
  1. Liver cirrhosis mortality: death cases per 100,000 male/female population aged 15 or older
  2. Alcohol liters: per resident aged 15 or older
  3. Cigarette equivalents: per resident aged 15 or older
  4. Substance use disorder treatments: per 100,000 residents aged 15 or older, 2 trends at maximum allowed
  5. Hospital treatments: inpatient treatments, discharge diagnosis group ICD-10, K70 or K74, per 100,000 residents aged 15 or older, 2 trends at maximum allowed
  6. ICD-10: K70 Alcoholic liver diseases
  7. ICD-10: K74 Non-alcohol-related fibrosis or cirrhosis of the liver
  8. APC annual percent change, CI 95 %-confidence interval, ns not significant, AAPC average annual percent change