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Table 2 Methods of plant identification and people’s preferences

From: Ethnobotanical perspective of antimalarial plants: traditional knowledge based study

Plant species Families Method of interview Positive response (n) PK (%) PR PIa
Field (√) Vaidya/hakim (*) House to house (#)
Abrus precatorius Linn. Fabaceae    # 26 30.6 3 Fair
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. Fabaceae    0 0 3 Unknown
Achyranthes aspera Linn. Amaranthaceae *   30 35.1 1 Fair
Adhatoda vasica Nees Acanthaceae * # 49 57.3 1 Good
Aerva lanata (L.) Juss. ex Schult. Amaranthaceae   # 6 7.1 2 Poor
Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br. Apocyanaceae   *   29 34.1 1 Fair
Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. exDC. Amaranthaceae    # 6 7.1 2 Poor
Amaranthus spinosus Linn. Amaranthaceae    4 4.7 3 Poor
Ammannia baccifera Linn. Lythraceae    0 0 3 Unknown
Andrographis paniculata Wall. ex Nees Acanthaceae * # 46 53.8 1 Good
Asteracantha longifolia (L.) Nees Acanthaceae    # 8 9.4 3 Poor
Azardirachta indica A.Juss Meliaceae   # 27 31.8 1 Fair
Barleria prionitis Linn. Acanthaceae    # 12 14.1 2 Poor
Bauhinia variegata Linn. Fabaceae * # 43 50.3 1 Good
Boerhaavia diffusa L.nom.cons. Nyctaginaceae   *   26 30.6 1 Fair
Caesalpinia crista (Linn.) Fabaceae   *   28 32.9 2 Fair
Carica papaya Linn. Caricaceae * # 45 52.7 1 Good
Cassia fistula Linn. Fabaceae * # 51 59.7 1 Good
Cissampelos pareira Linn. Menispermaceae    0 0 3 Unknown
Citrus medica Linn. Rutaceae    # 11 12.9 2 Poor
Clerodendron infortunatum Linn. Verbenaceae   # 9 10.6 2 Poor
Cosmos sulphureus Cav. Asteraceae    0 0 3 Unknown
Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Convolvulaceae   *   32 37.6 1 Fair
Cyperus scariosus Br. Cyperaceae   *   28 32.9 2 Fair
Datura metel Linn. Solanaceae    11 12.9 2 Poor
Eclipta prostrata (Linn.)Linn Asteraceae   # 17 20.0 1 Poor
Erythrina variegata Linn. Fabaceae    0 0 3 Unknown
Jatropha gossypifolia Linn. Euphorbiaceae    0 0 3 Unknown
Lantana camara Linn Verbenaceae   # 13 15.3 1 Poor
Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link. Lamiaceae    # 26 30.6 2 Fair
Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P.H. Raven Onagraceae    # 7 8.2 3 Poor
Magnolia grandiflora Linn. Magnoliaceae    0 0 3 Unknown
Momordica charantia Linn. Cucurbitaceae    # 3 3.5 3 Poor
Murraya koenigii (L.) Sprengel Rutaceae    8 9.4 2 Poor
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn. Oleaceae   *   10 11.8 1 Poor
Ocimum sanctum Linn. Lamiaceae    # 28 32.9 1 Fair
Oenanthe javanica (BL.) DC. Apiaceae   # 13 15.3 2 Poor
Piper longum Linn. Piperaceae   * # 30 35.1 1 Fair
Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre Fabaceae   * # 45 52.7 1 Good
Putranjiva roxburghii (Wall.) Euphorbiaceae   # 27 31.8 2 Fair
Rauvolfia serpentine (Linn.) Benth. Apocynaceae    4 4.7 3 Poor
Scoparia dulcis Linn. Scrophulariaceae    0 0 2 Unknown
Sida rhombifolia Linn. Malvaceae   # 5 5.9 2 Poor
Solanum indicum Linn. Solanaceae *   12 14.1 1 Poor
Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers Menispermaceae    3 3.5 3 Poor
Streblus asper Lour. Moraceae    0 0 3 Unknown
Swertia chirata Buch.Ham Gentianaceae * # 48 56.2 1 Good
Tinospora cordifolia (Thunb.) Miers. Menispermaceae * # 43 50.3 1 Good
Vandellia sessiliflora Benth. Scrophulariaceae    0 0 3 Unknown
Vernonia cinerea (Linn.) Less. Asteraceae   # 0 0 3 Unknown
Xanthium strumarium Linn. Asteraceae *   20 23.5 2 Poor
  1. aPI is ‘Good’ if PK ≥ 50 %, ‘Fair’ if 30 % ≤ PK < 50 %, ‘Poor’ if 0 < PK < 30 %, and ‘Unknown’ if PK = 0 %
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