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Table 2 Strategies for endless caregiving at home by family caregivers

From: Experiences of “endless” caregiving of impaired elderly at home by family caregivers: a qualitative study

Category Concepts
Addition of a positive meaning of the use of caregiving services Balance between caregiving and work is a mandatory requirement
Activity that is necessary for people in need of caregiving and whose condition has medical significance
Alternatives to caregiving contents that cannot be performed at home
Management of the use of caregiving services under the initiative of caregivers Use of multiple services to match caregivers’ rhythm of life
Actively using short-stay services where caregivers are highly effective for respite care
Receiving assistance that can be accomplished without making considerable changes in the lifestyles of family members and relatives Time and schedule adjustment for replacements to take over caregiving
Content of reasonable assistance
Sharing time other than that spent for nursing care
Obtaining available assistance from neighbors and friends as necessary Exchange of information regarding long-term caregiving
Sharing of thoughts regarding caregiving, and encouragements
General knowledge regarding caregiving
Assistance for daily living
Re-definition of caregiving needs Perceiving as though there would be no problem even if burdensome acts in caregiving were modified and replaced with an assistance method that could be used for caregiving
Simplifying life support because of the recipient’s advanced age
Thinking that for the caregiver, medical staff members who come to visit for purposes other than caregiving also play a role as replacements
Caregiving is performed using the caregiver’s own methods, without intervention by any specialist
Not caring for treated chronic diseases unless they affect daily life