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Table 2 Blood pressure profiles of diabetic patients, overweight subjects and healthy controls

From: Prehypertension in adolescents with cardiovascular risk: a comparison between type 1 diabetic patients and overweight subjects

Variables Diabetics Obese subjects p value Healthy controls p value
24 h Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) (M ± SD) 123.9 ± 11 125.2 ± 8 ns 116.1 ± 6.5 <0.001
24 h Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) (M ± SD) 73.2 ± 8.3 74.4 ± 8.1 ns 68.3 ± 4.6 <0.01
Day-time Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) (M ± SD) 125 ± 11.4 127.2 ± 8.4 ns 119.5 ± 6.3 <0.01
Night-time Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) (M ± SD) 120.3 ± 12.2 118.8 ± 10.8 ns 110.5 ± 8.9 <0.001
Day-time Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) (M ± SD) 75.7 ± 9.9 76.9 ± 9.1 ns 72.3 ± 5.5 <0.05
Night-time Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) (M ± SD) 69.1 ± 8.7 67.8 ± 8.9 <0.001 62.6 ± 5.9 <0.001
Dipper (n) 8 (16.7 %) 18 (37.5 %) <0.05 32 (66.7 %) <0.001
Nondipper (n) 40 (83.3 %) 33 (68.8 %) ns 16 (33.3 %) <0.001
Hypertension (n) 12 (25 %) 10 (20.8 %) ns 0 <0.001
Hypertension + nondipper (n) 4 (8.3 %) 3 (6.2 %) ns 0 <0.05