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Table 4 Proportion of resident subjective needs and resident needs understood by care workers

From: Gaps between the subjective needs of older facility residents and how care workers understand them: a pairwise cross-sectional study

  Resident subjective needs Resident needs understood by care workers
All N1 (%, 95 % CI) N2 (%, 95 % CI)
BADL Q1 Go to the toilet when one wants to (includes both independently or with help) 115 108 (94, 88–97) 98 (91, 84–95)
EM Q25 Desire to live without worry (e.g., health, food, clothing, shelter, living, and relationships) 114 105 (92, 86–96) 96 (91, 85–95)
EM Q21 Desire to live without worrying about health 115 105 (91, 85–95) 97 (92, 86–96)
EM Q23 Desire to live feeling good without getting depressed 115 105 (91, 85–95) 91 (87, 79–92)
EM Q24 Desire to live enjoyable days 115 101 (88, 81–93) 88 (87, 79–92)
EM Q22 Desire to be free of bodily pain 115 100 (87, 80–92) 77 (77, 68–84)
BADL Q4 Desire to change clothes at one’s own pace (includes both independently and with help) 114 97 (85, 77–90) 84 (87, 78–92)
BADL Q3 Desire to eat at one’s own pace (includes both independently and with help) 114 95 (83, 75–89) 85 (89, 82–94)
BADL Q5 Desire to brush teeth (includes washing dentures) when one wants to (includes both independently and with help) 115 95 (83, 75–88) 78 (82, 73–89)
EL Q19 Desire to move around for health 115 93 (81, 73–87) 53 (57, 47–67)
BADL Q2 Take a bath when one wants to (includes both independently or with help) 115 91 (79, 71–86) 65 (71, 61–80)
BADL Q6 Desire to move around the facility when one wants to (includes both independently and with help) 115 89 (77, 69–84) 86 (97, 91–99)
EL Q17 Desire to carry out one’s preferred hobbies (e.g., reading, sports, games) 115 86 (75, 66–82) 55 (64, 53–73)
BADL Q7 Desire to go outside the facility when one wants to (includes both independently and with help) 115 82 (71, 62–79) 50 (61, 50–71)
EL Q14 Desire to talk with family or people other than staff 115 81 (70, 62–78) 68 (84, 74–90)
EL Q20 Desire to go out to any location when one wants to (e.g., taking a walk, shopping, leisure) 115 81 (70, 62–78) 50 (62, 51–72)
IADL Q10 Desire to interact by phone or letters when one wants to (includes both independently and with help) 115 79 (69, 60–76) 53 (67, 56–76)
EL Q18 Desire to carry out activities that give one a role in the facility, such as manual work 115 78 (68, 59–76) 32 (41, 31–52)
IADL Q9 Desire to go shopping when one wants to (includes both independently and with help) 115 78 (68, 59–76) 43 (55, 44–66)
IADL Q12 Desire to cook, do laundry, and clean by oneself (includes both independently and with help) 115 76 (66, 57–74) 23 (30, 21–41)
EL Q13 Desire to eat one’s preferred meals (includes take-out and eating out) 114 72 (63, 54–71) 56 (78, 67–86)
IADL Q8 Desire to shave or put on makeup when one wants to (includes both independently and with help) 115 73 (63, 54–72) 44 (60, 49–71)
IADL Q11 Desire to control money at one’s discretion 115 63 (55, 46–64) 27 (43, 31–55)
EL Q16 Desire to talk more with staff 115 57 (50, 41–59) 30 (53, 40–65)
EL Q15 Desire for more time to oneself and own space 114 29 (25, 18–34) 13 (45, 28–62)
  1. Responses of residents to each item on the questionnaire are listed in descending order of percentage of residents who claimed that subjective need
  2. BADL basic activities of daily living, IADL instrumental activities of daily living, EL environment and lifestyle, EM emotion, N1 the number of residents who had the need, N2 the number of care workers who understood the need (N1), 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval
  3. No significant difference was found in the proportions of residents with subjective needs by gender, age, cognitive function level, level of care needed, and independence in other ADL