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Table 3 Attitude of respondents towards occupational hazards and safety practices

From: Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of occupational hazards and safety practices in Nigerian healthcare workers

Perception on occupational hazards Agree Undecided Disagree
No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)
Occupational hazard should be taken seriously and given prompt attention in the hospital 288 (99.4 %) 0 (0.0 %) 2 (0.6 %)
Prevention of occupational hazard is a joint responsibility of the hospital management and the staff 285 (98.3 %) 1 (0.3 %) 4 (1.4 %)
Paying extra attention to occupational hazard is an unnecessary burden on me 36 (12.5 %) 12 (4.1 %) 242 (80.4 %)
Training of staff and provision of personal protective equipment is necessary to reduce the risk of exposure to occupational hazard 287 (99 %) 0 (0.0 %) 3 (1.0 %)
Aprons and face masks should be worn in procedures where splash/spill of blood is likely 288 (99.3 %) 0 (0.0 %) 2 (0.7 %)
Gloves should always be worn when administering injections, starting IVs and drawing blood 286 (98.6 %) 2 (0.7 %) 2 (0.7 %)
Hands should be properly washed after each contact with a patient 287 (99.0 %) 2 (0.7 %) 1 (0.3 %)
Used needles should NEVER be recapped 235 (81.1 %) 7 (2.4 %) 48 (16.5 %)
Sharps should be disposed in sharps’ boxes 285 (98.2 %) 3 (1.0 %) 2 (0.7 %)
Safety boxes should be located at close distances to where required procedures are administered 278 (95.8 %) 4 (1.4 %) 8 (2.7 %)
HBV, Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Influenza vaccines should be received by all health workers 275 (94.8 %) 7 (2.4 %) 8 (2.7 %)
Prolonged standing by HCWs should be avoided 256 (88.3 %) 22 (7.6 %) 12 (4.1 %)
All exposures to occupational hazards should be reported and documented by appropriate authorities 287 (99.0 %) 2 (0.7 %) 1 (0.3 %)
Adequate staffing of HCFs will reduce occupational hazards 214 (93.0 %) 10 (3.4 %) 10 (3.5 %)
Incentives should be provided for adhering to universal standard precautions 243 (83.8 %) 34 (11.7 %) 13 (4.5 %)
Punitive actions should be taken against HCWs that violates standard safety precautions and practices 234 (81.0 %) 41 (14.0 %) 15 (5.0 %)
Exposure and infection control policies (standard operating procedures) should be regularly reviewed and updated by the hospital management 288 (99.0 %) 2 (1.0 %) 0 (0.0 %)