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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of children on first-line and second-line ART at National Pediatric Hospital

From: Factors associated with the failure of first and second-line antiretroviral therapies therapy, a case control study in Cambodian HIV-1 infected children

  First-line Second-line p
n = 175 % n = 57 %
Female 91 52.0 24 42.1 0.1
Age median, years 11.4 (IQR: 9.2–13.5)   11.4 (IQR: 9.4–13.8) 0.4
Age up to 7 years 151 86.3 56 98.2 0.01
Orphan both parents 65 37.1 29 50.9 0.06
Orphan mother 10 5.7 2 3.5 0.3
Orphan father 31 17.7 8 14.0  
Living in orphanage 50 28.6 27 47.4 0.009
Child education
 Not attending school (>5 years. n = 219) 6 3.4 0 0.0  
 Primary 106 60.6 43 75.4 0.2
 Secondary 46 26.3 12 21.1  
Father low skilled worker (n = 191) 60 34.3 12 21.1  
Mother low skilled (n = 126) 60 47.6 15 26.3  
In charge of the child
 Mother 78 44.6 23 40.4 0.3
 Father 6 3.4 1 1.8  
 Grandmother 24 13.7 5 8.8  
 Relatives 3 1.7 0 0.0  
 Othersa 64 36.6 28 49.1  
Family assets and characteristics
 Own their house (n = 149) 87 58.4 18 31.6 0.2
 Number of people living in same house 5.1 3.3 4.6 8.1  
 Daily family expense USD (n = 155) 3.3 (3.0–3.6)   3.2 (2.5–3.9)   0.4
 Have a TV set 120 80.5 29 50.9 0.01
 Have a car 5 3.4 1 1.8 0.8
 Have a motorbike 113 75.8 27 47.4 0.8
  1. Numbers and (percentages). Median and (interquartile range)
  2. a76 were “caregivers” from the orphanage