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Table 2 Social determinants of Tb/HIV co-infection mortality at JUTH, southwest Ethiopia, 2013

From: The role of social determinants on tuberculosis/HIV co-infection mortality in southwest Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study

Variable Category Tb/HIV co-infection status (n = 272)
Alive, n (%) Died, n (%)
Age (in years) 15–24 32 (14.7) 6 (10.9)
25–34 114 (52.5) 26 (47.3)
35–44 48 (22.1) 21 (38.2)
≥45 23 (10.7) 2 (3.6)
Sex Male 91 (41.9) 23 (41.8)
Female 126 (58.1) 32 (58.2)
Occupation Government employee 40 (18.4) 8 (14.5)
NGO 37 (17.1) 9 (16.4)
Farmer 69 (31.8) 11 (20)
Daily labor 64 (29.5) 22 (40)
Commercial sex worker 7 (3.2) 5 (9.1)
Educational status Illiterate 61 (28.1) 20 (36.4)
Read and write (informal) 39 (18) 12 (21.8)
Formal education 117 (53.9) 23 (41.8)
Religion Orthodox 65 (30) 11 (20)
Muslim 104 (47.9) 30 (54.5)
Protestant 40 (18.4) 10 (18.2)
Catholic 8 (3.7) 4 (7.3)
Marital status Single 45 (20.7) 13 (23.6)
Married 132 (60.9) 33 (60.1)
Divorced 28 (12.9) 8 (14.5)
Widowed 12 (5.5) 1 (1.8)
Residence Urban 154 (71) 35 (63.6)
Rural 63 (29) 20 (36.4)
Number of people living with <5 172 (79.3) 38 (69.1)
≥5 45 (20.7) 17 (30.9)
Water Yes 166 (76.5) 41 (74.5)
No 51 (23.5) 14 (25.5)
Electricity Yes 165 (76) 42 (76.4)
No 52 (24) 13 (23.6)
Room 1 97 (44.7) 24 (43.6)
2 87 (40.1) 23 (41.8)
3 24 (11.1) 7 (12.7)
4 9 (4.1) 1 (1.9)
Functional status Work 112 (51.6) 26 (47.3)
Ambulatory 79 (36.4) 16 (29.1)
Bed ridden 26 (12) 13 (23.6)
WHO stage 1 11 (5.1) 7 (12.7)
2 55 (25.3) 12 (21.8)
3 101 (46.5) 23 (41.8)
4 50 (23.1) 13 (23.7)
Tb type Pulmonary 172 (79.3) 41 (74.5)
Extra pulmonary 11 (5.1) 3 (5.5)