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Table 3 Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1) level versus different socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of study participants, JUSH diabetic clinic, 1 May 31 July, 2012

From: Assessment of glycemic control using glycated hemoglobin among diabetic patients in Jimma University specialized hospital, Ethiopia

Socio-demographic characteristics Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1 in %) level indicating glycemic control level
HbA1 < 7 % (good control) HbA1 ≥ 7 % (poor control) Total p value
Age
15–30 7 (29.1) 17 (70.8) 24 0.636
>30 upto 45 14 (41.2) 20 (58.8) 34  
>45 upto 60 30 (46.2) 35 (53.8) 65  
>60 upto 75 6 (33.3) 12 (66.7) 18  
>75 upto 90 3 (42.9) 4 (57.1) 7  
Sex
Male 37 (42.5) 50 (57.5) 87 0.556
Female 23 (37.7) 38 (62.3) 61  
Marital status
Single 7 (43.8) 9 (56.2) 16 0.167
Married 52 (42.4) 71 (57.6) 123  
Divorced 1 (50) 1 (50) 2  
Widowed 0 (0) 7 (100) 7  
Duration of DM in years
<1  5 (45.5) 6 (54.5) 11 0.613
1–5  29 (37.7) 48 (62.3) 77  
>5 upto 10  19 (48.7) 20 (51.3) 39  
>10 upto 15  4 (26.7) 11 (73.3) 15  
>15 upto 20 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7) 3  
>20  2 (66.7) 1 (33.3) 3  
Educational status
Illiterate 15 (32.6) 31 (67.4) 46 0.305
Grade 1–8 28 (41.8) 39 (58.2) 67  
Grade 9–12 9 (40.9) 13 (59.1) 22  
≥Diploma 8 (61.5) 5 (38.5) 13  
BMI in kg/m2
<18.5 7 (30.4) 16 (69.6) 23  
18.5–24.9 34 (41.5) 48 (58.5) 82 0.742
>24.9–30 16 (44.4) 20 (55.6) 36  
>30 3 (42.9) 4 (57.1) 7  
Current treatment format
Injectables 29 (38.7) 46 (61.3) 75  
Oral 29 (42.6) 39 (57.4) 68 0.889
Combination of both 2 (40) 3 (60) 5