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Table 5 Biochemical blood parameters

From: Impact of a ketogenic diet intervention during radiotherapy on body composition: I. Initial clinical experience with six prospectively studied patients

Patient Patient 1 Patient 2 Patient 3 Patient 4 Patient 5 Patient 6
Time on KD (days) 0 21 34 0 21 32 0 18 42 6 34 54 0 17 45 66 12 33 51
HbA1c (%) 5.7 (+) 5.5 5.4 NA 6.0 (+) 5.8 (+) NA 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.5 NA 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.3
Glucose (mg/dl) 85 95 109 127 (+) 124 (+) 134 (+) 92 91 98 91 103 104 96 88 86 94 84 92 92
BHB (mmol/l) 0.03 0.33 (+) 0.24 0.08 0.20 0.11 0.22 1.17 (+) 0.43 (+) 0.81 (+) 1.31 (+) 0.98 (+) NA NA NA NA 0.53 (+) 0.41 (+) 0.68 (+)
LDL-C (mg/dl) NA 126 137 53 60 83 112 92 62 84 68 87 63 78 98 84 177 174 189
HDL-C (mg/dl) NA 57 59 45 47 64 78 83 85 56 59 65 51 45 57 33 (−) 73 93 89
Triglycerides (mg/dl) NA 66 80 87 83 44 50 69 54 72 51 51 92 217 (+) 103 134 48 35 47
AST (U/l) 16 23 20 28 27 46 19 15 16 32 20 22 47 54 (+) 44 40 22 21 18
ALT (U/l) 11 13 12 51 (+) 42 (+) 50 (+) 18 21 17 28 NA 22 90 (+) 130 (+) 93 (+) 91 (+) 20 30 18
Gamma-GT (U/l) 10 8 9 367 (+) 275 (+) 428 (+) 25 20 14 33 NA 21 97 (+) 93 (+) 131 (+) 155.7 (+) 11 9 10
Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.74 0.70 0.72 0.63 (−) 0.75 0.77 0.89 0.90 0.92 1.01 1.00 0.78 1.02 1.02 1.14 1.07 0.69 0.68 0.72
CRP (mg/l) 1.4 NA 1.6 0.8 1.2 0.8 1.1 4.2 3.8 4.4 21.2 (+) 10.5 (+) 0.4 0.64 0.64 3.51 6.9 (+) 0.7 5.9 (+)
Insulin (mU/l) 12.6 8.7 15.6 12.0 16.7 11.1 5.3 6.1 6.7 11.0 15.5 13.1 NA NA NA NA 4.2 3.6 3.6
IGF-1 (ng/ml) 202 187 203 272 (+) 266 (+) 228 101 99 131 144 177 132 NA NA NA NA 115 184 164
TSH (mU/l) NA NA NA 2.51 2.03 2.54 0.98 0.79 0.90 0.68 0.63 0.72 1.8 1.5 NA 1.8 3.89 2.64 2.77
Free T3 (pg/ml) NA NA NA 2.89 2.16 (−) 2.53 (−) 3.58 2.71 3.01 2.65 2.63 2.54 (−) NA NA NA NA 2.44 (−) 2.07 (−) 2.20 (−)
Free T4 (ng/dl) NA NA NA 1.18 0.99 1.07 1.23 1.22 1.15 1.70 1.56 1.39 NA NA NA NA 1.06 0.88 (−) 0.98
  1. Values outside the laboratory reference rages are indicated as either too low (−) or too high (+)