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Table 3 TB patients at Metema Hospital DOTS center, according to HIV-infection status and associated risk factors for co-infection, Northwest Ethiopia, 2009–2012

From: Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus infection in a cohort of tuberculosis patients at Metema Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a 3 years retrospective study

Characteristics HIV–TB N (%) TB only N (%) OR (95 % CI) P value AOR (95 % CI) P value
Sex
 Male 246 (60.9) 940 (58.7) 1.09 (0.88–1.37) 0.43 1.1 (0.88–1.38) 0.41
 Female 158 (39.1) 661 (41.3) 1.00 1.00
Age
 0–14 51 (12.6) 188 (11.7) 0.99 (0.68–1.42) 0.94 1.0 (0.69–1.45) 0.99
 15–24 107 (26.5) 409 (25.5) 0.95 (0.71–1.27) 0.73 0.96 (0.72–1.28) 0.77
 25–34 131 (32.4) 476 (29.7) 1.00 1.00
 35–44 71 (17.6) 307 (19.2) 0.84 (0.61–1.16) 0.29 0.85 (0.61–1.18) 0.32
 45–54 22 (5.4) 122 (7.6) 0.66 (0.40–1.07) 0.09 0.66 (0.40–1.08) 0.10
 55–64 13 (3.2) 57 (3.6) 0.83 (0.44–1.56) 0.56 0.83 (0.44–1.57) 0.57
 >65 9 (2.2) 42 (2.6) 0.78 (0.37–1.64) 0.51 0.77 (0.36–1.62) 0.49
Type of entry
 New 350 (86.6) 1448 (90.4) 1.00 1.00
 Relapse 28 (6.9) 81 (5.1) 1.43 (0.92–2.23) 0.12 1.31 (0.82–2.07) 0.26
 Defaulter 0 (0.0) 1 (0.1)
 Failure 1 (0.2) 1 (0.1) 4.14 (0.26–66.31) 0.32 4.22 (0.26–68.64) 0.31
 Transfer 25 (6.2) 70 (4.4) 1.48 (0.92–2.36) 0.11 1.41 (0.87–2.29) 0.17
TB forms
 PTB+ 105 (26.0) 345 (21.5) 1.00 1.00
 PTB− 241 (59.7) 1030 (64.3) 1.19 (0.83–1.70) 0.36 1.19 (0.82–1.72) 0.37
 EPTB 58 (14.4) 226 (14.1) 0.91 (0.66–1.26) 0.57 0.97 (0.70–1.35) 0.85
 Total 404 (20.1) 1601 (79.9)
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, PTB+ smear positive pulmonary TB, PTB− smear negative pulmonary TB, EPTB extra-pulmonary TB