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Table 3 Practice of school health services in public and private schools

From: School health services and its practice among public and private primary schools in Western Nigeria

Practice Public schools N = 180 (%) Private schools N = 180 (%) Total N = 360 (%) Test statistic value (X2) p value
Personnel
 None 86 (47.8) 110 (61.1) 196 (54.4)   
 Health assistant/trained first-aider 24 (13.3) 33 (18.3) 57 (15.8)   
 Health educator/nutritionist 11 (6.1) 10 (5.6) 21 (5.8) 17.122 0.002
 Nurse/midwife 57 (31.7) 27 (15.0) 84 (23.3)   
 Doctor 2 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.6)   
Health appraisals
 Routine (teacher) inspection
  Yes 168 (93.3) 175 (97.2) 343 (95.3) 3.025 0.082
  No 12 (6.7) 5 (2.8) 17 (4.7)   
 Screening test for growth defect, handicaps, disabilities
  Yes 14 (7.8) 10 (5.6) 24 (6.7) 0.714 0.398
  No 166 (92.2) 170 (94.4) 336 (93.3)   
 Periodic medical exams for staff and pupils
  Yes 13 (7.2) 31 (17.2) 44 (12.2) 8.398 0.004
  No 167 (92.8) 149 (82.8) 316 (87.8)   
 Referrals to health centres/hospitals
  Yes 82 (45.6) 88 (48.9) 170 (47.2) 0.401 0.526
  No 98 (54.4) 92 (51.1) 190 (52.8)   
 Supervision of health of the handicapped
  Yes 14 (7.8) 7 (3.9) 21 (5.8) 2.478 0.115
  No 166 (92.2) 173 (96.1) 339 (94.2)   
Treatment facilities
 First aid box
  Yes 167 (92.8) 162 (90.0) 329 (91.4) 0.882 0.348
  No 13 (7.2) 18 (10.0) 31 (8.6)   
 Essential drugs and materials
  Yes 114 (63.3) 140 (77.8) 254 (70.6) 9.039 0.003
  No 66 (36.7) 40 (22.2) 106 (29.4)   
 Sick bay/clinic
  Yes 26 (14.4) 67 (37.2) 93 (25.8) 24.371 0.001
  No 154 (85.6) 113 (62.8) 267 (74.2)   
 Ambulance/school bus
  Yes 5 (2.8) 44 (24.4) 49 (13.6) 35.931 0.001
  No 175 (97.2) 136 (75.6) 311 (86.4)   
Emergency care
 First aid treatment usually given
  Yes 147 (81.7) 167 (92.8) 314 (87.2) 9.970 0.002
  No 33 (18.3) 13 (7.2) 46 (12.8)   
 Treatment given recorded or referral copy seen
  Yes 39 (21.7) 33 (18.3) 72 (20.0) 0.625 0.429
  No 141 (78.3) 147 (81.7) 288 (80.0)   
 Notification of parent
  Yes 149 (82.8) 158 (87.8) 307 (85.3) 1.792 0.181
  No 31 (17.2) 22 (12.2) 53 (14.7)   
 Transport child to nearest health post
  Yes 115 (63.9) 132 (73.3) 247 (68.6) 3.728 0.054
  No 65 (36.1) 48 (26.7) 113 (31.4)   
 Transport child home afterwards
  Yes 42 (23.3) 34 (18.9) 76 (21.1) 1.067 0.302
  No 138 (76.7) 146 (81.1) 284 (78.9)