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Table 1 Baseline clinical characteristics of the patients

From: Short-term change of carotid intima-media thickness after treatment of hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes: a cross-sectional study

Group Total I N D p value
n (%) 279 (100) 64 (22.9) 164 (58.8) 51 (18.3)  
Women (%) 117 (42) 29 (45) 67 (41) 21 (41) 0.823
Age (years) 60.6 ± 14.3 61.6 ± 13.5 59.6 ± 15.2 62.6 ± 11.7 0.333
BMI (kg/m2) 25.9 ± 5.2 27.3 ± 5.4 25.3 ± 5.2 26.0 ± 4.2 0.238
CIMT (mm) 0.737 ± 0.154 0.726 ± 0.146 0.715 ± 0.148 0.822 ± 0.154*,** <0.001
Hb (g/dl) 13.5 ± 1.9 13.5 ± 1.8 13.5 ± 2.0 13.6 ± 1.5 0.934
Ht (%) 40.6 ± 5.5 40.7 ± 5.2 40.5 ± 6.0 41.0 ± 4.3 0.813
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl) 171.8 ± 53.4 168.5 ± 50.8 166.2 ± 51.8 193.6 ± 56.8*,*** 0.005
Mean daily blood glucose (mg/dl) 217.6 ± 61.8 212.7 ± 57.9 214.4 ± 60.1 234.4 ± 69.6 0.092
AUC daily blood glucose 2785 ± 821 2756 ± 805 2731 ± 765 3010 ± 997 0.171
Hemoglobin A1c (%) (mmol/mol) 9.3 (78.6) ± 2.3 (25.6) 8.6 (70.9) ± 1.8 (20.1) 9.4 (79.6) ± 2.5 (26.9) 10.0 (85.4) ± 2.3 (25.2)** 0.007
Glycoalbumin (%) 26.0 ± 8.4 22.9 ± 5.9* 26.6 ± 9.0 27.8 ± 8.3** 0.003
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 126.8 ± 19.3 132.6 ± 24.0 124.4 ± 17.9 125.9 ± 14.8 0.107
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 77.6 ± 13.1 79.4 ± 13.1 77.4 ± 12.9 75.6 ± 14.0 0.515
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 190.9 ± 41.5 188.1 ± 40.1 191.8 ± 41.6 191.6 ± 43.6 0.829
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 115.9 ± 35.0 118.2 ± 36.2 114.6 ± 34.2 117.0 ± 36.4 0.767
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 47.2 ± 14.5 45.0 ± 10.6 47.8 ± 16.0 48.3 ± 13.5 0.364
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 156.0 ± 116.5 144.9 ± 67.8 160.2 ± 126.7 156.2 ± 129.7 0.683
  1. Values are presented as the mean ± SD or number (%)
  2. I increased IMT group, N unchanged IMT group, D decreased IMT group, Ht hematocrit
  3. * p < 0.01 vs N, ** p < 0.01 vs I, *** p < 0.05 vs I