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Table 3 Bivariate analysis on factors associated with timely uptake of first dose of SP (n = 508)

From: Determinants of timely uptake of ITN and SP (IPT) and pregnancy time protected against malaria in Bukoba, Tanzania

Variable Total received first dose of n = 508 Timely uptake first dose n = 370 OR (95 % CI) P value
Age (years)
14–17 7 6 (85.7) 1  
18–35 449 334 (74.4) 0.47 (0.26-1.08) 0.18
36–44 52 30 (57.7) 0.23 (0.026-2.2025) 0.12
Marital status
Not married 95 67 (70.5) 1  
Married 413 303 (73.4) 1.15 (0.70-1.80) 0.53
Education
No formal 45 30 (66.7) 1  
Primary 341 254 (74.5) 1.19 (0.57-2.48) 0.63
Secondary/college 122 68 (70.5) 1.18 (0.52-1.29) 0.39
Occupation
Farmer 177 133 (75.1) 1  
Petty business women 244 180 (73.8) 0.67 (0.39-1.14) 0.14
Business women 87 57 (66.6) 0.63 (0.36-1.09) 0.10
Visit (weeks of gestation)
Late >18 weeks of gestation 375 257 (68.5) 1  
Early ≤18 weeks of gestation 133 113 (85.0) 2.59 (1.53-4.38) 0.00
Availability of SP
No 54 22 (40.7) 1  
Yes 454 348 (76.7) 4.78 (2.66-8.57) 0.000
Distance to health facility
>60 15 7 (46.7) 1  
31–60 153 101 (66.0) 1.26 (0.92-1.74) 0.11
≤30 min 340 262 (77.1) 1.45 (0.16-1.61) 0.14
Influence to make visit
Friends/radio 20 8 (40.0) 1  
Husband 91 69 (75.85) 1.48 (1.97-2.07) 0.002
Self 397 293 (73.8) 1.59 (1.51-4.47) 0.003
Parity
0 170 126 (74.1) 1  
1–3 314 234 (74.5) 1.01 (0.10-1.60) 0.07
4+ 24 10 (41.7) 0.244 (0.10-1.59) 0.09
Gravity
Primigravidae 223 150 (67.3) 1  
Secondgravidae/multigravidae 285 220 (77.2) 1.26 (1.20-1.59) 0.05