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Table 2 Association between socio-demographic, obstetric factors and GBS colonization among pregnant women (n = 126)

From: Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of anorectal and vaginal group B Streptococci isolates among pregnant women in Jimma, Ethiopia

Variables Total, n (%) GBS colonization P value*
Colonized, n (%) Non-colonized, n (%)
Age in years
 15–19 7 (5.6) 3 (12.5) 4 (3.9) 0.43
 20–24 36 (28.6) 9 (37.5) 27 (26.5)
 25–29 47 (37.3) 7 (29.2) 40 (39.2)
 30–34 25 (19.8) 4 (16.7) 21 (20.6)
 35–39 9 (7.1) 1 (4.2) 8 (7.8)
 40–44 2 (1.6) 0 (0) 2 (2.0)
Educational level
 Illiterate 17 (13.5) 6 (25) 11 (10.8) 0.32
 Primary 27 (21.4) 5 (20.8) 22 (21.6)
 Secondary 58 (46) 9 (37.5) 49 (48.0)
 Post-secondary 24 (19) 4 (16.7) 20 (19.6)
Occupation
 House wife 81 (64.3) 20 (83.3) 61 (59.8) 0.18
 Employed 34 (27) 3 (12.5) 31 (30.4)
 Merchant 3 (2.4) 0 (0) 3 (2.9)
 Student 8 (6.3) 1 (4.2) 7 (6.9)
Gravidity
 Primigravida 38 (30.2) 5 (20.8) 33 (32.4) 0.27
 Multigravida 88 (69.8) 19 (79.2) 69 (67.6)
Total 126 (100) 24 (19) 102 (81)
  1. * p value: chi squared test comparing colonized and non-colonized pregnant women
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