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Table 3 Spearman’s rho correlations (p value): adiponectin and inflammatory biomarkers vs. anthropometric and metabolic determinations in all women, women without metabolic syndrome, and women with metabolic syndrome

From: Inflammatory markers and cardiovascular risks among overweight-obese Emirati women

  BMI WC HC BF TC LDL HDL TG SBP DBP FFM
All women (n = 110)
 Adiponectin −0.040 (0.679) −0.200* (0.036) −0.042 (0.663) 0.032 (0.742) 0.079 (0.410) 0.046 (0.631) 0.234* (0.014) −0.262** (0.006) 0.101 (0.293) −0.021 (0.826) 0.049 0.608)
 hsCRP 0.315** (0.001) 0.367** (0.000) 0.365** (0.000) 0.257** (0.007) 0.107 (0.267) 0.080 (0.407) −0.240* (0.012) 0.343** (0.000) −0.078 (0.419) −0.007 (0.943) 0.211* (0.028)
 IL6 0.184 (0.055) 0.243* (0.010) 0.223* (0.019) 0.281** (0.003) −0.049 (0.610) −0.087 (0.366) −0.228* (0.017) 0.185 (0.053) 0.093 (0.336) −0.006 (0.950) 0.251** (0.008)
 TNFα 0.164 (0.087) 0.165 (0.085) 0.092 (0.342) 0.253** (0.008) 0.046 (0.630) 0.020 (0.836) −0.087 (0.367) 0.086 (0.373) 0.102 (0.290) 0.131 (0.172) 0.179 (0.062)
Women without metabolic syndrome (n = 61)
 Adiponectin 0.052 (0.690) −0.087 (0.506) 0.023 (0.862) 0.085 (0.513) 0.002 (0.985) −0.085 (0.514) 0.339** (0.007) −0.214 (0.097) 0.175 (0.177) −.018 (0.889) 0.008 (0.950)
 hsCRP 0.169 (0.197) 0.274* (0.034) 0.320* (0.013) 0.071 (0.590) −0.033 (0.802) −0.015 (0.912) −0.209 (0.109) 0.330* (0.010) −0.013 (0.921) 0.054 (0.683) 0.130 (0.321)
 IL6 0.235 (0.068) 0.300* (0.019) 0.358** (0.005) 0.187 (0.149) −0.261* (0.042) −0.266* (0.038) −0.237 (0.066) 0.087 (0.505) 0.037 (0.776) 0.002 (0.989) 0.290* (0.023)
 TNFα 0.148 (0.255) 0.033 (0.798) 0.000 (1.000) 0.201 (0.120) −0.076 (0.558) −0.117 (0.370) −0.061 (0.640) 0.070 (0.591) 0.058 (0.658) 0.131 (0.315) 0.095 (0.468)
Women with metabolic syndrome (n = 49)
 Adiponectin −0.163 (0.263) −0.321* (0.025) −0.133 (0.362) −0.027 (0.854) 0.214 (0.140) 0.223 (0.123) −0.006 (0.969) −0.175 (0.229) 0.298* (0.037) 0.151 (0.301) 0.069 (0.638)
 hsCRP 0.423** (0.002) 0.338* (0.018) 0.398** (0.005) 0.433** (0.002) 0.190 (0.191) 0.133 (0.361) −0.203 (0.161) 0.267 (0.063) −0.403** (0.004) −0.140 (0.339) 0.297* (0.038)
 IL6 0.097 (0.508) 0.084 (0.567) 0.035 (0.811) 0.356* (0.012) 0.157 (0.281) 0.119 (0.414) −0.199 (0.170) 0.252 (0.081) −0.009 (0.952) −0.072 (0.625) 0.182 (0.209)
 TNFα 0.146 (0.318) 0.257 (0.074) 0.185 (0.204) 0.295* (0.040) 0.144 (0.322) 0.139 (0.341) 0.029 (0.842) 0.012 (0.937) −0.022 (0.880) 0.114 (0.434) 0.260 (0.072)
  1. BMI body mass index, BF body fat, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, FFM fat-free muscle, HC hip circumference, hsCRP high sensitivity C-reactive protein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, IL-6 interleukin-6, LDL low-density lipoprotein, SBP systolic blood pressure, TC total cholesterol; TG triglycerides, TNF-α tumor necrosis factor-alpha, WC waist circumference
  2. ** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed, italicized). * Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed)