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Table 2 Measurement of subjective and objective assessments in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy

From: Catestatin, vasostatin, cortisol, temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, scores of the short form of the Glasgow composite measure pain scale and visual analog scale for stress and pain behavior in dogs before and after ovariohysterectomy

Parameters Before surgery Three hours after extubation Recall
Plasma catestatin (nmol/L)a 0.76 ± 0.17 0.72 ± 0.16 0.74 ± 0.17
Plasma vasostatin (nmol/L) 1.12 ± 2.16 1.17 ± 2.49 1.45 ± 2.93
Saliva catestatin (nmol/L) 1.17 ± 0.48 0.74 1.09 ± 0.59
Serum cortisolb 174.6 ± 78.5 162.4 ± 88.4 122.8 ± 63.5
Temperature (°C)c 38.9 ± 0.4 37.5 ± 0.6 38.9 ± 0.4
Heart rate (beat per minute) 123.9 ± 30.6 109.5 ± 33.2 126.4 ± 32.0
Respiratory rate (time per minute)c 92.6 ± 63.3 28.5 ± 14.5 87.9 ± 62.7
The CMPS-SF (/24)c 0 4.4 ± 2.9 1.0 ± 1.3
OP-VAS (mm)c 0 28.8 ± 11.1 1.0 ± 1.9
Saliva sampling S-VAS (mm)c 41.6 ± 23.5 22.3 ± 16.3 35.4 ± 21.7
Blood sampling S-VAS (mm)c 37.7 ± 22.1 20.4 ± 20.2 28.8 ± 21.4
  1. Data presented as mean ± SD in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy (n = 30)
  2. Comparisons between groups were calculated using Tukey adjustment (p < 0.05)
  3. The CMPS-SF, the short form of Glasgow composite measure pain scale; OP-VAS, overall pain behavior visual analog scale; and S-VAS, stress behavior visual analog scale
  4. a Levels at 3 h after extubation and at the recall visit differed significantly compared to before surgery and no significant difference was seen between 3 h after extubation and at recall
  5. b Levels at recall significantly differed from before surgery, no significant differences were found between before surgery and 3 h after extubation and between 3 h after extubation and at recall
  6. c Levels at 3 h after extubation significantly differed from before surgery and at recall where no significant difference was found between before surgery and at recall