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Table 1 Demographic data

From: Follow-up of young patients after acute poisoning by substances of abuse: a comparative cohort study at an emergency outpatient clinic

  Age 16–22 years Age 23–27 years
2012 younger post-intervention n (%) 2008 + 2003 younger pre-intervention n (%) 2012 older post-intervention n (%) 2008 + 2003 older pre-intervention n (%)
Males 188 (51) 207 (47) 151 (61) 173 (60)
Oslo residents 188 (51)* 195 (62)a 138 (56) 114 (60)b
Hospitalised 39 (11) 56 (13) 38 (15) 40 (14)
Main toxic agents
Ethanol 271 (74) 292 (69) 127 (51) 133 (46)
Opioids 30 (8)* 55 (13) 47 (19)* 83 (29)
Benzodiazepines 25 (7) 38 (9) 23 (9) 22 (8)
Central stimulants 13 (4) 11 (3) 12 (5) 26 (9)
GHBc 14 (4) 20 (5) 20 (8) 16 (6)
Other 13 (4) 6 (1) 18 (7)* 8 (3)
Intention
AOSAd 345 (94) 286 (90)a 222 (90) 166 (87)b
Suicidal 16 (4) 20 (6)a 13 (5) 18 (9)b
Other 5 (1) 11 (3)a 12 (5) 6 (3)b
Total 366 (100) 422 (100) 247 (100) 288 (100)
  1. Demographic data for 1323 patients aged 16–27 years treated for acute poisoning by substances of abuse at the Oslo Accident and Emergency Outpatient Clinic in 2003, 2008 and 2012
  2. The intervention program for patients under the age of 23 was established in 2010
  3. p-values are for comparisons of frequencies before and after the implementation of the intervention program, using Pearson’s Chi square test or Fisher’s exact test (for expected cell counts of five or less)
  4. * p < 0.05. No p-values were lower than 0.01
  5. aNot registered in 2003 study, thus patients from 2008 cohort only, n = 317, percentage calculated accordingly
  6. bNot registered in 2003 study, thus patients from 2008 cohort only, n = 190, percentage calculated accordingly
  7. cGamma-hydroxybutyrate
  8. dAccidental overdose with substances of abuse