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Table 2 Referral to follow-up

From: Follow-up of young patients after acute poisoning by substances of abuse: a comparative cohort study at an emergency outpatient clinic

  16–22 years 23–27 years
2012 younger post-intervention n (%) 2008 younger pre-intervention n (%) 2012 older post-intervention n (%) 2008 older pre-intervention n (%)
Admitted hospital psychiatric 6 (2) 8 (3) 4 (2) 6 (3)
Admitted hospital somatic 33 (9) 34 (11) 34 (14) 24 (13)
Addiction clinic 3 (1) 0 (0) 12 (5)** 0 (0)
Psychiatric outpatient clinic 57 (16)*** 13 (4) 21 (9) 13 (7)
Child welfare services 19 (5)** 3 (1) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Social services 20 (5) 11 (3) 14 (6) 10 (5)
General practitioner 16 (4) 8 (3) 6 (2) 8 (4)
Other 2 (1)* 9 (3) 10 (4) 7 (4)
Discharged, no follow-up 195 (53)* 197 (62) 118 (48) 94 (49)
Self-discharged 15 (4)**a 34 (11) 28 (11) 28 (15)
Total referred to follow-up 156 (43)*** 86 (27) 101 (41) 68 (36)
Total 366 (100) 317 (100) 247 (100) 190 (100)
  1. Referral to follow-up after acute poisoning by substances of abuse before and after the implementation of the intervention program in 2010
  2. Highest level of admission or referral initiated at index poisoning episode, or later referral by the program
  3. p-values are for comparisons of frequencies before and after the implementation of the intervention program, using Pearson’s Chi square test or Fisher’s exact test (for expected cell counts of five or less)
  4. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  5. aAt the index episode 25 (7 %) patients self-discharged. Ten of them were later contacted by the intervention program and referred to follow-up