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Table 1 Characteristics of appropriate studies and distribution of Serogroups of Shigella reviewed from Africa, Asia and South America from 2001 to 2014

From: A review on Sero diversity and antimicrobial resistance patterns of Shigella species in Africa, Asia and South America, 2001–2014

First author Country Pub. year Setting Age group Sample sources Sample size Shig. Pos. (N) Shigella Serogroups Pos. N (%)
A B C D
Mache [8] Ethiopia 2001 Hosp & HC Children Stool 384 77 23 (29.9) 31 (40.3) 15 (19.5) 8 (10.4)
Brooks [9] Kenya 2003 Laboratory All ages Stool 2374 198 80 (40.4) 97 (49) 13 (6.6) 8 (4)
Abu-Elyazeed [10] Egypt 2004 Surveillance Children Stool 696 131 74 (56.5) 30 (22.9) 26 (19.8) 1 (0.8)
Chompook [18] Thailand 2005 Population All ages Stool 6536 146 24 (16.4) 122 (83.6)
Wang [19] China 2005 Community All ages Stool 10,105 331 306 (93) 25 (7)
Bhattacharya [20] Nepal 2005 Hospital All ages Stool 1396 53 39 (73.6) 12 (22.6) 2 (3.8)
Fulla [21] Chile 2005 HC Children Stool 4080 178 77 (43.3) 101 (56.7)
Mashouf [22] Iran 2006 Hospital Children Stool 1686 166 56 (33.7) 67 (40.3) 25 (15) 18 (11)
Wilson [23] Nepal 2006 Hospital All ages Stool 770 83 12 (14.5) 56 (67.5) 5 (6.0) 10 (12)
Nguyen [24] Vietnam 2006 Hospital All ages Stool 587 28 7 (25) 1 (3.6) 20 (71.4)
Naik [11] Eritrea 2006 CHL Children Stool 2420 84 28 (33.3) 54 (64.3) 2 (2.4)
Ghaemi [25] Iran 2007 Hospital Children Stool 634 56 10 (18) 12(22) 3 (5) 31 (55)
Opintan and Newman [12] Ghana 2007 Hospital All ages Stool 594 24 4 (16.7) 17 (70.8) 2 (8.3) 1 (4.2)
Jafari [26] Iran 2008 Hospital Children Stool 1120 157 13 (8) 48 (31) 8 (5) 88 (56)
Orrett [30] Trinidad 2008 Hospital All ages Stool 5187 392 7 (1.8) 75 (19.1) 16 (4.1) 294 (75)
Tiruneh [6] Ethiopia 2009 Hospital All ages Stool 1200 90 9 (10) 65 (72.2) 8 (8.9) 8 (8.9)
Sherchand [15] Nepal 2009 Hospital Children Stool 440 21 14 (66.7) 2 (9.5) 5 (23.8)
Zafar [16] Pakistan 2009 Community All ages Stool 8155 394 37 (9) 242 (62) 43 (11) 72 (18)
Pourakbari [17] Iran 2010 Community All ages Stool 15,255 682 34 (5) 327 (48) 14 (2) 307(45)
Xia [27] China 2011 Hospital All ages Stool 3531 467 354 (76) 113(24)
Nunes [31] Brazil 2012 Hospital children Stool 250 26 21 (80.8) 5 (19.2)
Khan [28] Nepal 2013 Hospital All ages Stool 507 69 19 (27) 29 (42) 15 (22) 6 (9)
Mengstu [13] Ethiopia 2014 HC All ages Stool 382 17 3 (17.6) 5 (29.4) 3(16.7) 6(35.3)
Mulatu [14] Ethiopia 2014 Hospital Children Stool 158 11 11 (100)
Kumar [29] India 2014 Hospital All ages Stool 1402 146 3 (2.1) 98 (67.1) 8 (5.4) 37 (25.3)
Total 69,849 4027 (5.8) 463 (11.5) 2067 (51.3) 212 (5.3) 1249 (33.2)
  1. A = Shigella dysentery, B = Shigella flexneri, C = Shigella boydii, D = Shigella sonnei
  2. HC health centre, PHL public health laboratories, CHL central health laboratories, Pub publication, Pos positive