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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of older people

From: Effects of an integrated neighborhood approach on older people’s (health-related) quality of life and well-being

  Control group Intention to treata As treateda
n = 186 n = 186 n = 168
Age (years) 79.8 (5.9) 81.6 (6.0)** 81.6 (6.0)**
Sex (female) 137 (73.7 %) 143 (67.9 %) 127 (75.6 %)
Living situation (single) 153 (82.3 %) 167 (89.9 %)* 152 (90.5 %)*
Educational level (low) 37 (19.9 %) 73 (39.2 %)*** 65 (38.7 %)***
Income (low) 99 (53.2 %) 124 (66.7 %)** 113 (67.3 %)**
Morbidity (≥1 disease) 182 (97.8 %) 173 (93.0 %)* 157 (93.5 %)*
Frailty (TFI) 8.0 (2.2) 8.1 (2.3) 8.2 (2.3)
Well-being (SPF-IL) 2.7 (.43) 2.6 (.56)** 2.6 (.55)**
Health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-3L) .69 (.25) 66 (.26) .65 (.26)
SF-20 physical functioning 45.1 (30.4) 38.3 (31.6)* 38.2 (31.8)*
SF-20 role functioning 31.6 (42.5) 23.4 (36.4)* 23.8 (36.6)*
SF-20 social functioning 65.3 (32.2) 60.2 (37.2) 59.6 (37.1)
SF-20 mental health 67.3 (21.8) 61.6 (24.2)* 61.3 (24.2)*
SF-20 current health perceptions 45.6 (9.8) 47.1 (9.3) 47.0 (9.5)
  1. Values are presented as mean (standard deviation) or n (%)
  2. TFI Tilburg frailty indicator, SPF-IL social production function instrument for the level of well-being, EQ-5D-3L five-dimensional, three-level EuroQol, SF-20 short form 20
  3. p ≤ .05 (two-tailed)
  4. ** p ≤ .01
  5. *** p ≤ .001
  6. aStatistics compared to control group