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Table 3 Generalized linear mixed modeling of outcomes: as treated analysis (differences between groups over time)

From: Effects of an integrated neighborhood approach on older people’s (health-related) quality of life and well-being

  Unadjusted overall effectsa Adjusted overall effectsb
Mean (SE) control Mean (SE) intervention Mean difference (95 % CI) p –2 log likelihood AIC Mean (SE) control Mean (SE) intervention Mean difference (95 % CI) p –2 log likelihood AIC
Well-being (SPF-IL) 2.65 (.04) 2.46 (.04) –.19 (–.29 to –.09) <.001 640.287 646.287 2.48 (.60) 2.41 (.60) –.07 (–.15 to .01) .092 477.725 483.725
Health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-3L) .77 (.01) .72 (.01) –.05 (–.08 to –.01) .010 −510.963 −504.963 .77 (.02) .74 (.02) –.02 (–.05 to .01) .142 −510.963 −504.963
Quality of life (SF-20)
Physical functioning 45.69 (2.34) 33.16 (2.51) –12.54 (–19.28 to 5.79) <.001 5510.560 5516.560 44.00 (3.42) 37.18 (3.43) –6.82 (–11.50 to 2.15) .004 5510.560 5516.560
Role functioning 32.60 (2.91) 23.41 (3.13) –9.20 (–17.59 to –.80) .032 5850.705 5856.705 37.75 (5.36) 33.04 (5.37) –4.72 (–12.01 to 2.58) .204 5850.705 5856.705
Social functioning 64.00 (2.26) 59.71 (2.44) –4.29 (–10.82 to 2.25) .198 5618.888 5624.888 61.55 (4.28) 61.60 (4.31) .44 (–5.68 to 5.76) .988 5618.888 5624.888
Mental health 66.19 (1.47) 60.93 (1.58) −5.26 (−9.51 to −1.01) .015 5032.019 5038.019 65.89 (2.39) 64.28 (2.40) –1.61 (–4.88 to 1.66) .334 5032.019 5038.019
Current health perceptions 46.58 (.55) 46.86 (.59) .27 (–1.31 to 1.86) .733 4145.909 4151.909 45.81 (1.17) 46.49 (1.18) .67 (–.90 to 2.25) .401 4145.909 4151.909
  1. SE standard error of the mean, CI confidence interval, AIC Akaike’s information criterion, SPF-IL social production function instrument for the level of well-being, EQ-5D-3L five-dimensional, three-level EuroQol, SF-20 short form 20
  2. aExcluding adjusting covariables, but including time
  3. bAdjusted for age, sex, education, income, living situation, morbidity, frailty, time and baseline scores of studied outcomes