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Table 2 Outcome measures at each assessment point

From: A feasibility study of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of individual cognitive behavioral therapy for panic disorder in a Japanese clinical setting: an uncontrolled pilot study

  PDSS PAS PHQ-9 GAD-7 BFNE EQ-5D index
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Pre-CBT 12.1 4.0 23.5 5.8 8.0 3.2 8.7 5.1 42.7 12.4 0.665 0.2
Mid-CBT 7.5 3.3 15.3 3.6 5.4 2.5 5.1 3.6 34.3 12.1 0.823 0.1
Post-CBT 5.5 3.5 11.6 5.7 5.2 3.1 4.5 3.3 31.7 12.6 0.864 0.1
Pre-post CBTa −6.6 4.3*** −11.9 6.6*** −2.8 3.6** −4.2 3.6** −10.9 9.2 (n.s.) 0.199 0.20**
Effect size 1.77   2.06   0.89   0.97   0.87   1.08  
  1. PDSS Panic Disorder Severity Scale, PAS Panic and Agoraphobia Scale, BFNE Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale, PHQ-9 9-item patient health questionnaire, GAD-7 7-item generalized anxiety disorder scale
  2. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01
  3. aMean changes from pre- to post-CBT time points